A Comparison of the Role of Voluntary Organizations in Disaster Management
2. Literature Review
3. Research Design
4. U.S. Specialized Expertise and Unsolicited Goods/Services Approach
4.1. Volunteers and Their Organizations
4.2. Financial Independence
4.3. Preferred Strategies
5. Japanese Collaborative Relations and Small-Scale Approach
5.1. Volunteers and Their Organizations
5.2. Financial Independence
5.3. Preferred Strategies
6. Korean CBO Additional Support and Unsystematic Coordination Approach
6.1. Volunteers and Their Organizations
6.2. Financial Independence
6.3. Preferred Strategies
7. Major Implications
Institutional Review Board Statement
Informed Consent Statement
Data Availability Statement
Conflicts of Interest
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|Nation/Approach||(1) United States/Specialized Expertise and Unsolicited Goods/Services Approach||(2) Japan/Collaborative Relations and Small-Scale Approach||(3) Korea/CBO Additional Support and Unsystematic Coordination Approach|
|United States||- Not applicable.||- Similarly to Japan, the U.S. government should strengthen its collaboration with voluntary organizations for disaster management by emphasizing its proactive support.|
- Local voluntary organizations in the United States may consider further expanding their activities in the international community.
|- Following Korea, the United States may further incorporate the role of CBOs into disaster management.|
- The United States may increase its broadcast of the disaster response or recovery phase on television, the Internet, or other platforms.
|Japan||- Similarly to the United States, Japan should encourage each voluntary organization for disaster management to develop more specialized expertise.|
- Japan may upgrade its DCBA to the level of the U.S. NRF.
|- Not applicable.||- Similarly to Korea, Japan may expand its small-scale management by relying on informal communication channels among voluntary organizations for disaster management.|
- Japan should more substantially systematize its national networks.
|Korea||- Korea must consider the U.S. approach of specialized expertise and unsolicited goods/services to be among its concerns in the field.|
- KDSN needs to decrease the extent of overlapping activities among voluntary organizations following the U.S. NVOAD.
|- Korea should try to internationalize the activities of its voluntary organizations for disaster management, as in the case of Japan.|
- Korean voluntary organizations for disaster management may also consider providing low-cost services in the field to achieve financial independence, similarly to Japan.
|- Not applicable.|
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Jung, D.-Y.; Ha, K.-M. A Comparison of the Role of Voluntary Organizations in Disaster Management. Sustainability 2021, 13, 1669. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13041669
Jung D-Y, Ha K-M. A Comparison of the Role of Voluntary Organizations in Disaster Management. Sustainability. 2021; 13(4):1669. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13041669Chicago/Turabian Style
Jung, Do-Young, and Kyoo-Man Ha. 2021. "A Comparison of the Role of Voluntary Organizations in Disaster Management" Sustainability 13, no. 4: 1669. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13041669