Next Article in Journal
Neural Network Approach to Modelling Transport System Resilience for Major Cities: Case Studies of Lagos and Kano (Nigeria)
Next Article in Special Issue
Telluric and Climate-Related Risk Awareness, and Risk Mitigation Strategies in the Azores Archipelago: First Steps for Building Societal Resilience
Previous Article in Journal
Resident-Tourist Value Co-Creation in the Intangible Cultural Heritage Tourism Context: The Role of Residents’ Perception of Tourism Development and Emotional Solidarity
Article

Multi-Risk Assessment and Management—A Comparative Study of the Current State of Affairs in Chile and Ecuador

1
Institut für Raumplanung (IRPUD), TU Dortmund University, 44227 Dortmund, Germany
2
Plan + Risk Consult, 44227 Dortmund, Germany
3
Instituto de Investigación Geológico y Energético (IIGE), Quito 170518, Ecuador
4
Centre for International Migration and Development (GIZ/CIM), 65760 Eschborn, Germany
5
Independent Researcher, Lima 15000, Peru
6
Independent Researcher, Santiago 92101, Chile
7
Institute for Housing and Urban Development Studies (IHS), Erasmus University Rotterdam, 3062 PA Rotterdam, The Netherlands
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Antonio Finizio
Sustainability 2021, 13(3), 1366; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13031366
Received: 12 December 2020 / Revised: 21 January 2021 / Accepted: 25 January 2021 / Published: 28 January 2021
In Chile and Ecuador, multiple hazards and dynamic processes in vulnerability pose a high risk. Spatial planning and emergency management can contribute to disaster risk management but they follow different goals. However, global goals, such as from UN-ISDR (United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Risk Reduction) and UN SDGs (Sustainable Development Goals) can potentially support cities and regions in defining concerted action. This paper aims at measuring the performance of Chile and Ecuador in regard to the aforementioned policy goals. Although both countries show considerable progresses in the implementation of the UN strategies, it is doubtful that the existing global monitoring approach is appropriately designed for measuring the real situation on the ground. Our paper is based on a desktop research combined with stakeholder workshops and expert interviews. Overall, both countries made considerable progress in regard to disaster preparedness and monitoring. However, multi-risks are rarely considered and there is still increasing vulnerability due to the expansion of informal settlements. The risk management is characterized by an imbalanced distribution of financial resources and institutional capacities between the metropolitan regions and smaller municipalities, and by low public participation and hardly community-based approaches. The paper underlines the importance for more qualitative, in-depth studies on the root causes of disaster risk which could complement the global monitoring which is very much focused on quantitative data and shows inconsistency between input and output indicators. View Full-Text
Keywords: disaster risk; vulnerability; monitoring; risk assessment; disaster management; UN-ISDR; SDGs disaster risk; vulnerability; monitoring; risk assessment; disaster management; UN-ISDR; SDGs
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Greiving, S.; Schödl, L.; Gaudry, K.-H.; Quintana Miralles, I.K.; Prado Larraín, B.; Fleischhauer, M.; Jácome Guerra, M.M.; Tobar, J. Multi-Risk Assessment and Management—A Comparative Study of the Current State of Affairs in Chile and Ecuador. Sustainability 2021, 13, 1366. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13031366

AMA Style

Greiving S, Schödl L, Gaudry K-H, Quintana Miralles IK, Prado Larraín B, Fleischhauer M, Jácome Guerra MM, Tobar J. Multi-Risk Assessment and Management—A Comparative Study of the Current State of Affairs in Chile and Ecuador. Sustainability. 2021; 13(3):1366. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13031366

Chicago/Turabian Style

Greiving, Stefan, Leonie Schödl, Karl-Heinz Gaudry, Iris K. Quintana Miralles, Benjamín Prado Larraín, Mark Fleischhauer, Myriam M. Jácome Guerra, and Jonathan Tobar. 2021. "Multi-Risk Assessment and Management—A Comparative Study of the Current State of Affairs in Chile and Ecuador" Sustainability 13, no. 3: 1366. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13031366

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop