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Article

Valorization of Cotton Gin Trash through Thermal and Biological Conversion for Soil Application

1
Environmental Biotechnology Laboratory (F4), Institute of Botany, University of the Punjab, Lahore 54590, Pakistan
2
Biological and Agricultural Engineering Department, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Balal Yousaf and Guijian Liu
Sustainability 2021, 13(24), 13842; https://doi.org/10.3390/su132413842
Received: 1 November 2021 / Revised: 30 November 2021 / Accepted: 10 December 2021 / Published: 15 December 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biochar Stability and Long-Term Carbon Storage)
Cotton gin trash, the by-product of the cotton ginning industry which is produced in large quantities every year, can be utilized as feedstock for deriving high quality organic materials such as biochar, compost and co-composted derivates for improvement of soils’ key physical, chemical and biological properties. This is the first report in which cotton gin trash was both thermally and biologically converted at the same time into biochar (BC), compost (C) and co-compost (Coc), and their effects on soil properties and on plant performance were examined. In order to find the optimum rate, the products were used as soil amendments in a greenhouse experiment at 2.5 t ha−1, 5 t ha−1and 10 t ha−1 rates. All of the amendments contributed in improving the soil properties and provided agronomic benefits to plants, however plants (radish var. Cherry belle) showed significantly (p < 0.05) better growth attributes and almost a 315% increase in biomass yield observed when co-composted biochar (10 t ha−1) was applied to the soil, thus suggesting its role in compensating fertilizer application. Amendments (2.5 and 5.0 t ha−1) considerably increased plant growth parameters; however, differences between 5 and 10 t ha−1 amendments were not so significant. As a result, replenishing soil with Coc (5 t ha−1) on a regular basis can promote plant growth and improve soil qualities over time. View Full-Text
Keywords: cotton gin trash; biochar; gasification; co-compost; compost; soil management; plant growth cotton gin trash; biochar; gasification; co-compost; compost; soil management; plant growth
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MDPI and ACS Style

Qurat-ul-Ain; Nazir, A.; Capareda, S.C.; Shafiq, M.; Firdaus-e-Bareen. Valorization of Cotton Gin Trash through Thermal and Biological Conversion for Soil Application. Sustainability 2021, 13, 13842. https://doi.org/10.3390/su132413842

AMA Style

Qurat-ul-Ain, Nazir A, Capareda SC, Shafiq M, Firdaus-e-Bareen. Valorization of Cotton Gin Trash through Thermal and Biological Conversion for Soil Application. Sustainability. 2021; 13(24):13842. https://doi.org/10.3390/su132413842

Chicago/Turabian Style

Qurat-ul-Ain, Aisha Nazir, Sergio C. Capareda, Muhammad Shafiq, and Firdaus-e-Bareen. 2021. "Valorization of Cotton Gin Trash through Thermal and Biological Conversion for Soil Application" Sustainability 13, no. 24: 13842. https://doi.org/10.3390/su132413842

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