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Article

Spatial Patterns and Scales of Collembola Taxonomic and Functional Diversity in Urban Parks

1
Department of Chemistry and Biology “Adolfo Zambelli”, University of Salerno, Via Giovanni Paolo II 132, 84084 Fisciano, Italy
2
Department of Biology, University of Naples Federico II, Via Cinthia, 80126 Napoli, Italy
3
Centre d’Ecologie Fonctionnelle et Evolutive (CEFE) UMR5175, University Paul Valéry Montpellier, University of Montpellier, EPHE, CNRS, IRD, Route de Mende, 34000 Montpellier, France
4
BAT Center-Interuniversity Center for Studies on Bioinspired Agro-Environmental Technology, University of Naples Federico II, 80100 Naples, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors equally contributed to the research.
Academic Editors: Vincenzo Torretta and Elena Rada
Sustainability 2021, 13(23), 13029; https://doi.org/10.3390/su132313029
Received: 22 October 2021 / Revised: 19 November 2021 / Accepted: 21 November 2021 / Published: 25 November 2021
Anthropogenic pressures can affect the distribution of species and elicit the appearance of spatial patterns that provide insights into the species’ responses to environmental filtering, mediated by their functional traits. Due to the functional redundancy in ecological communities, the spatial variations of species and functional traits can occur at different scales, but little is known on this topic, especially for soil arthropods with limited dispersion capabilities and highly dependent on environmental characteristics. The present research aims at shedding light on the spatial ecology of both the taxonomic and functional biodiversity of collembolan communities colonizing urban parks, adopted as model taxa for their functional traits, diversity and sensitivity to environmental drivers. To this end, the spatial patterns and scales of collembolan communities from 8 parks in Naples (Italy) and 14 in Montpellier (France) were investigated through an approach based on Moran eigenvector maps, modified to allow for evaluating the community spatial connectivity and the scales underpinning the spatial variation of each species and functional trait. The obtained findings demonstrate a limited spatial connectivity of collembolan communities in terms of both taxonomic and functional diversity, with mostly species-specific micro-scale variations that may be shaped by environmental constraints. View Full-Text
Keywords: springtails; spatial structure; Moran eigenvector maps; fourth corner analysis springtails; spatial structure; Moran eigenvector maps; fourth corner analysis
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MDPI and ACS Style

Bellino, A.; Baldantoni, D.; Milano, V.; Santorufo, L.; Cortet, J.; Maisto, G. Spatial Patterns and Scales of Collembola Taxonomic and Functional Diversity in Urban Parks. Sustainability 2021, 13, 13029. https://doi.org/10.3390/su132313029

AMA Style

Bellino A, Baldantoni D, Milano V, Santorufo L, Cortet J, Maisto G. Spatial Patterns and Scales of Collembola Taxonomic and Functional Diversity in Urban Parks. Sustainability. 2021; 13(23):13029. https://doi.org/10.3390/su132313029

Chicago/Turabian Style

Bellino, Alessandro, Daniela Baldantoni, Vittoria Milano, Lucia Santorufo, Jérôme Cortet, and Giulia Maisto. 2021. "Spatial Patterns and Scales of Collembola Taxonomic and Functional Diversity in Urban Parks" Sustainability 13, no. 23: 13029. https://doi.org/10.3390/su132313029

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