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Article

Production of Specific Polyclonal Antibody against the Larvae of Corallivorous Gastropod Drupella fragum for Prediction of Outbreaks

1
Kuroshio Biological Research Foundation, Kochi 788-0333, Japan
2
Laboratory of Fish Reproductive Physiology, Graduate School of Agriculture, Ehime University, Matsuyama 790-8566, Japan
3
Department of Global Environment Studies, Faculty of Environmental Studies, Hiroshima Institute of Technology, Hiroshima 731-5193, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Stefania Chiesa, Livia Lucentini, Silvia Maltese and Alfonso Scarpato
Sustainability 2021, 13(21), 11713; https://doi.org/10.3390/su132111713
Received: 11 August 2021 / Revised: 21 October 2021 / Accepted: 21 October 2021 / Published: 23 October 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Life below Water: Marine Biology and Sustainable Ocean)
The term corallivorous gastropod refers to a group of snails that feeds on coral and inhabits coral communities worldwide. Outbreaks of these species cause serious damage to coral communities. There are various reasons behind the outbreaks; however, further clarifications are needed. It may be possible to predict outbreaks by measuring the number of floating larvae of corallivorous gastropods in seawater. Drupella fragum is the most damaging species in Japan, so we produced antibodies against D. fragum larvae in order to easily detect this species in the field. Antibody specificity analysis in aquarium-hatched corallivorous gastropods showed a higher specificity against D. fragum compared to D. cornus. A field study using the antibody showed that many D. fragum larvae were detected from June to November at all stations. The larvae at the Shirigai station were collected in June and July in large numbers compared to the other stations. Large groups of D. fragum were collected around the sampling point in Shirigai in September 2016. Our results imply that there is a possibility that outbreaks could be predicted using this antibody. View Full-Text
Keywords: Drupella fragum; corallivorous gastropod; polyclonal; antibody; outbreak Drupella fragum; corallivorous gastropod; polyclonal; antibody; outbreak
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kitamura, T.; Iwai, T.; Shigematsu, Y.; Miura, C.; Miura, T. Production of Specific Polyclonal Antibody against the Larvae of Corallivorous Gastropod Drupella fragum for Prediction of Outbreaks. Sustainability 2021, 13, 11713. https://doi.org/10.3390/su132111713

AMA Style

Kitamura T, Iwai T, Shigematsu Y, Miura C, Miura T. Production of Specific Polyclonal Antibody against the Larvae of Corallivorous Gastropod Drupella fragum for Prediction of Outbreaks. Sustainability. 2021; 13(21):11713. https://doi.org/10.3390/su132111713

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kitamura, Takaya, Toshiharu Iwai, Yui Shigematsu, Chiemi Miura, and Takeshi Miura. 2021. "Production of Specific Polyclonal Antibody against the Larvae of Corallivorous Gastropod Drupella fragum for Prediction of Outbreaks" Sustainability 13, no. 21: 11713. https://doi.org/10.3390/su132111713

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