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Traces of Honeybees, Api-Tourism and Beekeeping: From Past to Present

1
Apiculture Research Center, Aegean Agricultural Research Institute, Izmir 35661, Turkey
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Department of Beekeeping, National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine, 03041 Kyiv, Ukraine
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Department of Sustainable Crop Production—DIPROVES, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Via Emilia Parmense 84, 29122 Piacenza, Italy
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Department of Transversal Competences, University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine Cluj-Napoca, 400372 Cluj-Napoca, Romania
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Faculty of Horticulture, University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine Cluj-Napoca, 400372 Cluj-Napoca, Romania
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Advanced Horticultural Research Institute of Transylvania, University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine Cluj-Napoca, 400372 Cluj-Napoca, Romania
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Julia N. Albrecht and Marco Haid
Sustainability 2021, 13(21), 11659; https://doi.org/10.3390/su132111659
Received: 15 September 2021 / Revised: 11 October 2021 / Accepted: 19 October 2021 / Published: 21 October 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Product Development for Sustainable Tourism)
Throughout history, honey has been used for many different purposes and due to its medicinal properties, has been one of the products marketed by traders. The figure of the bee first appeared in drawings on rock with the history of humanity, then on statues, as a logo, on money or stamps, and also in movies. Beekeeping museums, which present the historical process of beekeeping, also reflect an important culture with their ancient hives, documents, beekeeping materials, and historical antiquities. The contribution of bees to the sustainability of natural life is very important and has a history of 100 million years. The importance of bees and their by-products is increasing day by day, and the demand for the beekeeping industry as alternative income determines the emergence of new products and activities. Based on its health properties, apitherapy is the basis of activities such as api-air and api-diet. In natural regions (i.e., mountainous areas, forests) where beekeeping is carried out, people’s tradition, food culture, and healthy lifestyle attract society’s attention. In this context, api-tourist activity appears as a new phenomenon. In this article, the existing literature was scanned to create a resource about these new fields triggered by the beekeeping sector. View Full-Text
Keywords: bees; history; sustainable beekeeping; tourism bees; history; sustainable beekeeping; tourism
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MDPI and ACS Style

Topal, E.; Adamchuk, L.; Negri, I.; Kösoğlu, M.; Papa, G.; Dârjan, M.S.; Cornea-Cipcigan, M.; Mărgăoan, R. Traces of Honeybees, Api-Tourism and Beekeeping: From Past to Present. Sustainability 2021, 13, 11659. https://doi.org/10.3390/su132111659

AMA Style

Topal E, Adamchuk L, Negri I, Kösoğlu M, Papa G, Dârjan MS, Cornea-Cipcigan M, Mărgăoan R. Traces of Honeybees, Api-Tourism and Beekeeping: From Past to Present. Sustainability. 2021; 13(21):11659. https://doi.org/10.3390/su132111659

Chicago/Turabian Style

Topal, Erkan, Leonora Adamchuk, Ilaria Negri, Mustafa Kösoğlu, Giulia Papa, Maria Sorina Dârjan, Mihaiela Cornea-Cipcigan, and Rodica Mărgăoan. 2021. "Traces of Honeybees, Api-Tourism and Beekeeping: From Past to Present" Sustainability 13, no. 21: 11659. https://doi.org/10.3390/su132111659

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