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Article

Canopy-scale Built-environment Characteristics and Urban Heat Island Effect in a Tropical Medium-sized City

1
Department of Landscape Architecture, National Chiayi University, Chiayi City 600355, Taiwan
2
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, National University of Kaohsiung, Kaohsiung City 81148, Taiwan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2021, 13(2), 868; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13020868
Received: 28 October 2020 / Revised: 12 January 2021 / Accepted: 13 January 2021 / Published: 16 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Urban Design and Land Use Planning)
Previous studies have found that built-environment characteristics in large cities produce important effects of the urban heat island (UHI) and know the horizontal space affected by the urban canopy microclimate ranges from about 30–200 m, but there are few studies in medium-sized cities. Therefore, this study investigates canopy-scale built-environment characteristics and their correlation with urban heat island (UHI) effects in Chiayi city, a tropical, medium-sized city. Under a 100 m buffer size, 2D and 3D built-environment factors such as the green coverage ratio (GCR), building coverage ratio (BCR), floor area ratio (FAR), and sky view factor (SVF) were first analyzed and then correlated with the UHI effect. The analyses were repeated on 200 and 1000 m scales and compared to previous studies. It was found that the built-environment factors were more strongly correlated with UHI under the 200 m buffer. Moreover, 2D factors such as the GCR and BCR had a higher correlation with UHI, especially in developing medium-sized cities. Regarding the GCR, BCR, and FAR, as expected, the correlation coefficients with UHI increased to 0.4 at 13:00 during the day and changed from 0.2 to 0.4 at 00:30 at night, whereas the correlation between the SVF and UHI was greatly different from the study area or calculation methods. The scale effect and SVF calculation methods are recommended for further study. View Full-Text
Keywords: green coverage ratio (GCR); building coverage ratio (BCR); floor area ratio (FAR); sky view factor (SVF) green coverage ratio (GCR); building coverage ratio (BCR); floor area ratio (FAR); sky view factor (SVF)
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MDPI and ACS Style

Huang, J.-M.; Chang, H.-Y.; Chen, L.-C.; Wang, Y.-S. Canopy-scale Built-environment Characteristics and Urban Heat Island Effect in a Tropical Medium-sized City. Sustainability 2021, 13, 868. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13020868

AMA Style

Huang J-M, Chang H-Y, Chen L-C, Wang Y-S. Canopy-scale Built-environment Characteristics and Urban Heat Island Effect in a Tropical Medium-sized City. Sustainability. 2021; 13(2):868. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13020868

Chicago/Turabian Style

Huang, Jou-Man, Heui-Yung Chang, Liang-Chun Chen, and Yu-Su Wang. 2021. "Canopy-scale Built-environment Characteristics and Urban Heat Island Effect in a Tropical Medium-sized City" Sustainability 13, no. 2: 868. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13020868

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