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Sustainability in ElectroKinetic Remediation Processes: A Critical Analysis

1
Department of Chemistry and Industrial Chemistry, University of Genova, 16146 Genova, Italy
2
Interuniversity Research Centre High Tech Recycling, Genoa Branch, headquartered at the University of Roma La Sapienza, 00185 Roma, Italy
3
Ecas4 Australia Pty Ltd., Mile End South, SA 5031, Australia
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2021, 13(2), 770; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13020770
Received: 2 December 2020 / Revised: 8 January 2021 / Accepted: 8 January 2021 / Published: 14 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Modelling of Industrial Processes)
In recent years, the development of suitable technologies for the remediation of environmental contaminations has attracted considerable attention. Among these, electrochemical approaches have gained prominence thanks to the many possible applications and their proven effectiveness. This is particularly evident in the case of inorganic/ionic contaminants, which are not subject to natural attenuation (biological degradation) and are difficult to treat adequately with conventional methods. The purpose of this contribution is to present a critical overview of electrokinetic remediation with particular attention on the sustainability of the various applications. The basis of technology will be briefly mentioned, together with the phenomena that occur in the soil and how that will allow its effectiveness. The main critical issues related to this approach will then be presented, highlighting the problems in terms of sustainability, and discussing some possible solutions to reduce the environmental impact and increase the cost-effectiveness and sustainability of this promising technology. View Full-Text
Keywords: electrokinetic approach; sub-surface contamination; heavy metals; EKRT; renewable energies; electrochemical technologies; wastewater treatment; soil remediation; photovoltaic; wind electrokinetic approach; sub-surface contamination; heavy metals; EKRT; renewable energies; electrochemical technologies; wastewater treatment; soil remediation; photovoltaic; wind
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MDPI and ACS Style

Vocciante, M.; Dovì, V.G.; Ferro, S. Sustainability in ElectroKinetic Remediation Processes: A Critical Analysis. Sustainability 2021, 13, 770. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13020770

AMA Style

Vocciante M, Dovì VG, Ferro S. Sustainability in ElectroKinetic Remediation Processes: A Critical Analysis. Sustainability. 2021; 13(2):770. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13020770

Chicago/Turabian Style

Vocciante, Marco; Dovì, Vincenzo G.; Ferro, Sergio. 2021. "Sustainability in ElectroKinetic Remediation Processes: A Critical Analysis" Sustainability 13, no. 2: 770. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13020770

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