Next Article in Journal
A Review of Synchronous Reluctance Motor-Drive Advancements
Next Article in Special Issue
Exploring Plural Values of Ecosystem Services: Local Peoples’ Perceptions and Implications for Protected Area Management in the Atlantic Forest of Brazil
Previous Article in Journal
Nexus of Digital Organizational Culture, Capabilities, Organizational Readiness, and Innovation: Investigation of SMEs Operating in the Digital Economy
Previous Article in Special Issue
Global Importance of Indigenous and Local Communities’ Managed Lands: Building a Case for Stewardship Schemes
Open AccessArticle

Spatial-Temporal Changes and Driving Factors of Land-Use Eco-Efficiency Incorporating Ecosystem Services in China

1
College of Grassland, Resources and Environment, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, Hohhot, Inner Mongolia 010011, China
2
Inner Mongolia Academy of Agricultural and Animal Husbandry Sciences, Hohhot 010031, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2021, 13(2), 728; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13020728 (registering DOI)
Received: 8 December 2020 / Revised: 7 January 2021 / Accepted: 7 January 2021 / Published: 13 January 2021
With rapid urbanization in China, the dramatic land-use changes are one of the most prominent features that have substantially affected the land ecosystems, thus seriously threatening sustainable development. However, current studies have focused more on evaluating the economic efficiency of land-use, while the loss and degradation of ecosystem services are barely considered. To address these issues, this study first proposed a land use-based input–output index system, incorporating the impact on ecosystem services value (ESV), and then by taking 30 provinces in China as a case study. We further employed the super-efficiency slacks-based model (Super-SBM) and the Stochastic Impacts by Regression on Population, Affluence and Technology (STIRPAT) model to explore the spatial–temporal changes and driving factors of the evaluated land-use eco-efficiency. We found that the evaluated ESV was 28.09 trillion yuan (at the price of 2000) in 2015, and that the total ESV experienced an inverted U-shaped trend during 2000–2015.The average land-use eco-efficiency exhibited a downward trend from 0.87 in 2000 to 0.68 in 2015 with distinct regional differences by taking into account the ESV. Our results revealed that northeastern region had the highest efficiency, followed by the eastern, western, and central region of China. Finally, we identified a U-shaped relationship between the eco-efficiency and land urbanization, and found that technological innovation made great contributions to the improvement of the eco-efficiency. These findings highlight the importance of the ESV in the evaluation of land-use eco-efficiency. Future land development and management should pay additional attention to the land ecosystems, especially the continuous supply of human well-being related ecosystem services. View Full-Text
Keywords: land-use eco-efficiency; ecosystem services; super-efficiency slacks-based model (super-SBM); STIRPAT model; China’s provincial level land-use eco-efficiency; ecosystem services; super-efficiency slacks-based model (super-SBM); STIRPAT model; China’s provincial level
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Liu, Y.; Sun, H.; Shi, L.; Wang, H.; Xiu, Z.; Qiu, X.; Chang, H.; Xie, Y.; Wang, Y.; Wang, C. Spatial-Temporal Changes and Driving Factors of Land-Use Eco-Efficiency Incorporating Ecosystem Services in China. Sustainability 2021, 13, 728. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13020728

AMA Style

Liu Y, Sun H, Shi L, Wang H, Xiu Z, Qiu X, Chang H, Xie Y, Wang Y, Wang C. Spatial-Temporal Changes and Driving Factors of Land-Use Eco-Efficiency Incorporating Ecosystem Services in China. Sustainability. 2021; 13(2):728. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13020728

Chicago/Turabian Style

Liu, Yahong; Sun, Hailian; Shi, Lei; Wang, Huimin; Xiu, Zhai; Qiu, Xiao; Chang, Hong; Xie, Yu; Wang, Yang; Wang, Chengjie. 2021. "Spatial-Temporal Changes and Driving Factors of Land-Use Eco-Efficiency Incorporating Ecosystem Services in China" Sustainability 13, no. 2: 728. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13020728

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop