Next Article in Journal
The Relationship between Efficiency and Quality of Municipally Owned Corporations: Evidence from Local Public Transport and Waste Management in Poland
Next Article in Special Issue
Secure IIoT-Enabled Industry 4.0
Previous Article in Journal
Validity of Elevator Noise Measurement Method in International Standards on High-Rise Residential Buildings
Previous Article in Special Issue
Identifying the Antecedents of University Students’ Usage Behaviour of Fitness Apps
Article

Extending ONTAgri with Service-Oriented Architecture towards Precision Farming Application

1
Faculty of Engineering Sciences & Technology, Hamdard University, Karachi 74600, Pakistan
2
College of Computing and Information Science, Pakistan Air Force, Karachi Institute of Economics and Technology, Karachi 75190, Pakistan
3
School of Computing, National University of Computer and Engineering Science (FAST-NUCES), Karachi 75030, Pakistan
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Andrea Colantoni
Sustainability 2021, 13(17), 9801; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13179801
Received: 5 July 2021 / Revised: 13 August 2021 / Accepted: 26 August 2021 / Published: 31 August 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Industrial Internet of Things (IIoTs) and Industry 4.0)
The computer science perspective of ontology refers to ontology as a technology, however, with a different perspective in terms of interrogations and concentrations to construct engineering models of reality. Agriculture-centered architectures are among rich sources of knowledge that are developed, preserved, and released for farmers and agro professionals. Many researchers have developed different variants of existing ontology-based information systems. These systems are primarily picked agriculture-related ontological strategies based on activities such as crops, weeds, implantation, irrigation, and planting, to name a few. By considering the limitations on agricultural resources in the ONTAgri scenario, in this paper, an extension of ontology is proposed. The extended ONTAgri is a service-oriented architecture that connects precision farming with both local and global decision-making methods. These decision-making methods are connected with the Internet of Things systems in parallel for the input processing of system ontology. The proposed architecture fulfills the requirements of Agriculture 4.0. The significance of the proposed approach aiming to solve a multitude of agricultural problems being faced by the farmers is successfully demonstrated through SPARQL queries. View Full-Text
Keywords: ontology; service-oriented architecture; knowledgebase; precision agriculture; internet of things; context awareness precision farming; context-aware services; agriculture ontology ontology; service-oriented architecture; knowledgebase; precision agriculture; internet of things; context awareness precision farming; context-aware services; agriculture ontology
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Fahad, M.; Javid, T.; Beenish, H.; Siddiqui, A.A.; Ahmed, G. Extending ONTAgri with Service-Oriented Architecture towards Precision Farming Application. Sustainability 2021, 13, 9801. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13179801

AMA Style

Fahad M, Javid T, Beenish H, Siddiqui AA, Ahmed G. Extending ONTAgri with Service-Oriented Architecture towards Precision Farming Application. Sustainability. 2021; 13(17):9801. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13179801

Chicago/Turabian Style

Fahad, Muhammad, Tariq Javid, Hira Beenish, Adnan A. Siddiqui, and Ghufran Ahmed. 2021. "Extending ONTAgri with Service-Oriented Architecture towards Precision Farming Application" Sustainability 13, no. 17: 9801. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13179801

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop