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Displacement Induced by Climate Change Adaptation: The Case of ‘Climate Buffer’ Infrastructure

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Sociology of Development and Change Chair Group, Social Sciences Group, Wageningen University, Hollandseweg 1, 7606 KN Wageningen, The Netherlands
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Environmental Policy Chair Group, Social Sciences Group, Wageningen University, Hollandseweg 1, 7606 KN Wageningen, The Netherlands
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Neelke Doorn and Udo Pesch
Sustainability 2021, 13(16), 9160; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13169160
Received: 4 June 2021 / Revised: 22 July 2021 / Accepted: 6 August 2021 / Published: 16 August 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Ethics of Climate Adaptation)
Climate buffer infrastructure is on the rise as a promising ‘green’ climate adaptation strategy. More often than not, such infrastructure building is legitimized as an urgent technical intervention—while less attention is paid to the distribution of costs and benefits among the affected population. However, as this article shows, adaptation interventions may directly or indirectly result in the relocation or even eviction of households or communities, thereby increasing vulnerabilities for some while intending to reduce long-term climate vulnerabilities for all. We argue that this raises serious, if underappreciated, ethical issues that need to be more explicitly addressed in adaptation policy making. We illustrate our conceptual argument with the help of three examples of infrastructural ‘climate buffers’: Space for the River projects in the Netherlands, the Diamer–Bhasha dam in Pakistan and the coastal protection plan in Jakarta, Indonesia. View Full-Text
Keywords: climate adaptation; displacement; relocation; The Netherlands; Pakistan; Indonesia; climate ethics climate adaptation; displacement; relocation; The Netherlands; Pakistan; Indonesia; climate ethics
MDPI and ACS Style

Warner, J.F.; Wiegel, H. Displacement Induced by Climate Change Adaptation: The Case of ‘Climate Buffer’ Infrastructure. Sustainability 2021, 13, 9160. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13169160

AMA Style

Warner JF, Wiegel H. Displacement Induced by Climate Change Adaptation: The Case of ‘Climate Buffer’ Infrastructure. Sustainability. 2021; 13(16):9160. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13169160

Chicago/Turabian Style

Warner, Jeroen F., and Hanne Wiegel. 2021. "Displacement Induced by Climate Change Adaptation: The Case of ‘Climate Buffer’ Infrastructure" Sustainability 13, no. 16: 9160. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13169160

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