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Article

Perceptions about Tourism and Tourists in Historic Neighborhoods: The Case of Alfama

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TRIE—Centro de Investigação Transdisciplinar para o Empreendedorismo & Inovação Ecossistémica, ESCAD, School of Science and Administration, 1950-396 Lisbon, Portugal
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Tourism Department, Universidade Lusófona de Humanidades e Tecnologias, 1749-024 Lisbon, Portugal
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CiTUR, Estoril Higher Institute for Tourism and Hotel Studies, 2769-510 Estoril, Portugal
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CiTUR, Polytechnic of Leiria, 2520–614 Peniche, Portugal
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Centro de Estudio del Conflicto y la Cohesión Social (COES), Departamento de Urbanismo, Universidad de Chile, 8320000 Santiago de Chile, Chile
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Pierfrancesco De Paola
Sustainability 2021, 13(15), 8357; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13158357
Received: 25 June 2021 / Revised: 18 July 2021 / Accepted: 22 July 2021 / Published: 27 July 2021
Tourism makes destinations adapt to receive those who visit them, with a great impact among traditional residents. Overtourism affects picturesque places, and these areas end up losing their authenticity, submitting themselves to the consumption needs of tourists. Neighborhoods’ traditional residents also see their routine completely changed due to the different habits of tourists, and displacement rates rise. This study aims to understand how local people perceive tourism in Alfama, one of the most unique and tourist-oriented neighborhoods of Lisbon. Our study involves a questionnaire to old long-term residents and content analysis of their responses. We used Leximancer software to create categories of analysis depending on frequency of mentions and the way themes are related. Our interviewees testified that overtourism in Alfama generates perceptions that range from a generalized acceptance for the benefits that an improved safety associated to an increased street-life and a cleaner neighborhood generate, and on the other hand the grievance for the loss of a pre-existing community. We also conclude that the benefits of tourist-led gentrification are relevant for the gentrification analysis because they show the contradictions that the remaining residential community experience as tourist-led gentrification unfolds. View Full-Text
Keywords: gentrification; historic neighborhoods residents; social sustainability; tourism benefits; tourism impacts gentrification; historic neighborhoods residents; social sustainability; tourism benefits; tourism impacts
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MDPI and ACS Style

Madeira, A.; Palrão, T.; Mendes, A.S.; López-Morales, E. Perceptions about Tourism and Tourists in Historic Neighborhoods: The Case of Alfama. Sustainability 2021, 13, 8357. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13158357

AMA Style

Madeira A, Palrão T, Mendes AS, López-Morales E. Perceptions about Tourism and Tourists in Historic Neighborhoods: The Case of Alfama. Sustainability. 2021; 13(15):8357. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13158357

Chicago/Turabian Style

Madeira, Arlindo, Teresa Palrão, Alexandra S. Mendes, and Ernesto López-Morales. 2021. "Perceptions about Tourism and Tourists in Historic Neighborhoods: The Case of Alfama" Sustainability 13, no. 15: 8357. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13158357

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