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Article

Long-Term Application of Organic Wastes Improves Soil Carbon and Structural Properties in Dryland Affected by Coal Mining Activity

1
Institute of Agricultural Resources and Regional Planning, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100081, China
2
Department of Soil and Water, Faculty of Agriculture, Al-Azhar University (Assiut Branch), Assiut 71524, Egypt
3
Institute of Environment and Sustainable Development in Agriculture, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100081, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Mohammad Ibrahim Al-Wabel, Adel R.A. Usman, Abdullah Alfarraj and Munir Ahmad
Sustainability 2021, 13(10), 5686; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13105686
Received: 23 April 2021 / Revised: 11 May 2021 / Accepted: 12 May 2021 / Published: 19 May 2021
Organic wastes have a positive impact on soil physical and chemical properties in the agroecosystems. However, its main effects on soil organic carbon (SOC) or total organic carbon, TOC (SOC and coal-C) contents as well as their effects on soil physico-chemical properties are still unclear. Two types of organic wastes (maize straw and manure) were utilized in dryland affected by mining activities to quantify their relative effect on soil physico-chemical properties. Regression analysis was used to assess the relationship between the soil physical properties, SOC, and TOC as well as their respective contributions to improving these properties. Treatments included control (CK), straw (S), low manure (LM), medium manure plus straw (S-MM), and high manure plus straw (S-HM). The results showed that SOC, soil bulk density, mean weight diameter (MWD), soil total porosity, soil penetration resistance, saturated hydraulic conductivity, and soil infiltration rate were strongly influenced by the application of organic wastes. A stronger linear relationship between SOC and the MWD, (R2 = 0.93, p < 0.05) compared to that between TOC and MWD indicated the important role of SOC in improving soil aggregation relative to the effect of TOC. According to the principal component analysis (PCA), the application of organic wastes had stronger effects on SOC contents and physical properties than TOC (SOC and coal-C). These findings advance our understanding of the actual effect of organic wastes on soil physical properties and SOC in dryland affected by mining activities and could inform fertilizer management decisions to improve soil properties. View Full-Text
Keywords: soil organic carbon; total organic carbon; soil aggregate stability; saturated hydraulic conductivity; infiltration rate; mine soils soil organic carbon; total organic carbon; soil aggregate stability; saturated hydraulic conductivity; infiltration rate; mine soils
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MDPI and ACS Style

Abdelrhman, A.A.; Gao, L.; Li, S.; Lu, J.; Song, X.; Zhang, M.; Zheng, F.; Wu, H.; Wu, X. Long-Term Application of Organic Wastes Improves Soil Carbon and Structural Properties in Dryland Affected by Coal Mining Activity. Sustainability 2021, 13, 5686. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13105686

AMA Style

Abdelrhman AA, Gao L, Li S, Lu J, Song X, Zhang M, Zheng F, Wu H, Wu X. Long-Term Application of Organic Wastes Improves Soil Carbon and Structural Properties in Dryland Affected by Coal Mining Activity. Sustainability. 2021; 13(10):5686. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13105686

Chicago/Turabian Style

Abdelrhman, Ahmed A., Lili Gao, Shengping Li, Jinjing Lu, Xiaojun Song, Mengni Zhang, Fengjun Zheng, Huijun Wu, and Xueping Wu. 2021. "Long-Term Application of Organic Wastes Improves Soil Carbon and Structural Properties in Dryland Affected by Coal Mining Activity" Sustainability 13, no. 10: 5686. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13105686

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