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Communication

Trilemma of Nordic–Baltic Forestry—How to Implement UN Sustainable Development Goals

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The Forestry Research Institute of Sweden–Skogforsk, 751 83 Uppsala, Sweden
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Department of Forest Ecology and Management, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU), 901 03 Umeå, Sweden
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Department of Environmental Science, American University, Washington, DC 20016, USA
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LAMMC, Institute of Forestry, Girionys, Kaunas District, 501 27 Kaunas, Lithuania
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SILAVA, Latvian State Forest Institute, LV-2169 Salaspils, Latvia
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Department of Aquatic Sciences and Assessment, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU), P.O. Box 7010, 750 07 Uppsala, Sweden
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Institute of Forestry and Rural Engineering, Estonian University of Life Sciences, Kreutzwaldi 5, 51006 Tartu, Estonia
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Natural Resources Institute Finland (Luke), P.O. Box 2, FI-00791 Helsinki, Finland
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NiBio, Norwegian Institute of Bioeconomy Research, 1431 As, Norway
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Department of Geology, Tallinn University of Technology, Ehitajate tee 5, 19086 Tallinn, Estonia
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Natural Resources Institute Finland (Luke), Ounasjoentie 6, FI-96200 Rovaniemi, Finland
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Department of Wildlife, Fish and Environmental Studies, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU), 901 03 Umeå, Sweden
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Margarita Martinez-Nuñez and Mª Pilar Latorre-Martínez
Sustainability 2021, 13(10), 5643; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13105643
Received: 22 March 2021 / Revised: 11 May 2021 / Accepted: 14 May 2021 / Published: 18 May 2021
Forests are the dominant land cover in Nordic–Baltic countries, and forestry, the management of forests for improved ecosystem-service (ES) delivery, is an important contributor to sustainability. Forests and forestry support multiple United Nations Sustainability Goals (UN SDGs) and a number of EU policies, and can address conflicting environmental goals. Forests provide multiple ecosystem services and natural solutions, including wood and fibre production, food, clear and clean water and air, animal and plant habitats, soil formation, aesthetics, and cultural and social services. Carbon sequestered by growing trees is a key factor in the envisaged transition from a fossil-based to a biobased economy. Here, we highlight the possibilities of forest-based solutions to mitigate current and emerging societal challenges. We discuss forestry effects on forest ecosystems, focusing on the optimisation of ES delivery and the fulfilment of UN SDGs while counteracting unwanted effects. In particular, we highlight the trilemma of (i) increasing wood production to substitute raw fossil materials, (ii) increasing forest carbon storage capacity, and (iii) improving forest biodiversity and other ES delivery. View Full-Text
Keywords: United Nations Sustainable Development Goals; ecosystem services; forest; forestry; management practices; European Green Deal United Nations Sustainable Development Goals; ecosystem services; forest; forestry; management practices; European Green Deal
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MDPI and ACS Style

Högbom, L.; Abbas, D.; Armolaitis, K.; Baders, E.; Futter, M.; Jansons, A.; Jõgiste, K.; Lazdins, A.; Lukminė, D.; Mustonen, M.; Øistad, K.; Poska, A.; Rautio, P.; Svensson, J.; Vodde, F.; Varnagirytė-Kabašinskienė, I.; Weslien, J.; Wilhelmsson, L.; Zute, D. Trilemma of Nordic–Baltic Forestry—How to Implement UN Sustainable Development Goals. Sustainability 2021, 13, 5643. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13105643

AMA Style

Högbom L, Abbas D, Armolaitis K, Baders E, Futter M, Jansons A, Jõgiste K, Lazdins A, Lukminė D, Mustonen M, Øistad K, Poska A, Rautio P, Svensson J, Vodde F, Varnagirytė-Kabašinskienė I, Weslien J, Wilhelmsson L, Zute D. Trilemma of Nordic–Baltic Forestry—How to Implement UN Sustainable Development Goals. Sustainability. 2021; 13(10):5643. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13105643

Chicago/Turabian Style

Högbom, Lars, Dalia Abbas, Kęstutis Armolaitis, Endijs Baders, Martyn Futter, Aris Jansons, Kalev Jõgiste, Andis Lazdins, Diana Lukminė, Mika Mustonen, Knut Øistad, Anneli Poska, Pasi Rautio, Johan Svensson, Floor Vodde, Iveta Varnagirytė-Kabašinskienė, Jan Weslien, Lars Wilhelmsson, and Daiga Zute. 2021. "Trilemma of Nordic–Baltic Forestry—How to Implement UN Sustainable Development Goals" Sustainability 13, no. 10: 5643. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13105643

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