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Article

Carpooling as an Immediate Strategy to Post-Lockdown Mobility: A Case Study in University Campuses

1
University of Aveiro, Centre for Mechanical Technology and Automation (TEMA), Department of Mechanical Engineering, Campus Universitário de Santiago, 3810-193 Aveiro, Portugal
2
University of Aveiro, Aveiro Research Center for Risks and Sustainability in Construction (RISCO), Department of Civil Engineering, Campus Universitário de Santiago, 3810-193 Aveiro, Portugal
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Luigi Dell’Olio
Sustainability 2021, 13(10), 5512; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13105512
Received: 30 March 2021 / Revised: 22 April 2021 / Accepted: 10 May 2021 / Published: 14 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Road Traffic Engineering and Sustainable Transportation)
Carpooling is a mobility concept that has been showing promising results in reducing single occupancy use of private cars, which prompted many institutions, namely universities, to implement carpooling platforms to improve their networks sustainability. Nowadays, currently under a pandemic crisis, public transportation must be used with limitations regarding the number of occupants to prevent the spread of the virus and commuters are turning even more to private cars to perform their daily trips. Carpooling under a set of precaution rules is a potential solution to help commuters perform their daily trips while respecting COVID-19 safety recommendations. This research aimed to develop an analysis of the road traffic and emission impacts of implementing carpooling, with social distancing measures, in three university campus networks through microscopic traffic simulation modeling and microscopic vehicular exhaust emissions estimation. Results indicate that employing carpooling for groups of up to three people to safely commute from their residence area to the university campus has the potential to significantly reduce pollutant emissions (reductions of 5% and 7% in carbon dioxide and nitrogen oxides can be obtained, respectively) within the network while significantly improving road traffic performance (average speed increased by 7% and travel time reduced by 8%). View Full-Text
Keywords: carpooling; post-pandemic mobility; pollutants emissions; traffic performance carpooling; post-pandemic mobility; pollutants emissions; traffic performance
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MDPI and ACS Style

Tomás, R.; Fernandes, P.; Macedo, J.; Coelho, M.C. Carpooling as an Immediate Strategy to Post-Lockdown Mobility: A Case Study in University Campuses. Sustainability 2021, 13, 5512. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13105512

AMA Style

Tomás R, Fernandes P, Macedo J, Coelho MC. Carpooling as an Immediate Strategy to Post-Lockdown Mobility: A Case Study in University Campuses. Sustainability. 2021; 13(10):5512. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13105512

Chicago/Turabian Style

Tomás, Ricardo, Paulo Fernandes, Joaquim Macedo, and Margarida C. Coelho 2021. "Carpooling as an Immediate Strategy to Post-Lockdown Mobility: A Case Study in University Campuses" Sustainability 13, no. 10: 5512. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13105512

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