Next Article in Journal
A Conceptual Analysis of Switching Costs: Implications for Fitness Centers
Next Article in Special Issue
Mechanical Properties of Cement-Based Materials with Recycled Plastic: A Review
Previous Article in Journal
Introducing a Multiscalar Framework for Biocluster Research: A Meta-Analysis
Review

Utilization of By-Products and Wastes as Supplementary Cementitious Materials in Structural Mortar for Sustainable Construction

1
Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Built Environment, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 UKM Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia
2
Department of Architecture and Built Environment, Faculty of Engineering and Built Environment, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 UKM Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia
3
Angelo DelZotto School of Construction Management, George Brown College, 146 Kendal Avenue, Toronto, ON M5T 2T9, Canada
4
Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Architectural Science, Ryerson University, 350 Victoria Street, Toronto, ON M5B 2K3, Canada
5
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Windsor, 401 Sunset Avenue, Windsor, ON N9B 3P4, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(9), 3888; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12093888
Received: 4 February 2020 / Revised: 17 April 2020 / Accepted: 20 April 2020 / Published: 9 May 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Construction and Innovative Building Materials)
Rapid growth in industrial development has raised the concern of proper disposal of the by-products generated in industries. Many of them may cause serious pollution to the air, land, and water if dumped in open landfills. Agricultural and municipal wastes also cause environmental issues if not managed properly. Besides, minimizing the carbon footprint has become a priority in every industry to slow down global warming and climate change effects. The use of supplementary cementitious materials (SCMs) obtained from agricultural, industrial, municipal, and natural sources can decrease a significant amount of fossil fuel burning by reducing cement production and contribute to proper waste management. Also, SCMs can enhance desirable material properties like flowability, strength, and durability. Such materials may play a big role to meet the need of modern time for resilient construction. The effective application of SCMs in cement-based materials requires a clear understanding of their physical and chemical characteristics. Researchers studied how the flowability, strength, and durability properties of structural mortar change with the replacement of cement with different SCMs. Various experiments were conducted to examine the behavior of structural mortar in extreme conditions (e.g., high temperature). Many scholars have attempted to improve its performance with various treatment techniques. This article is an attempt to bring all the major findings of the recent relevant studies together, identify research gaps in the current state of knowledge on the utilization of SCMs in structural mortar, and give several recommendations for further study. The available results from recent studies have been reviewed, analyzed, and summarized in this article. A collection of the updated experimental findings will encourage and ease the use of various by-products and wastes as SCMs in structural mortar for sustainable construction. View Full-Text
Keywords: by-product; cement; structural mortar; supplementary cementitious material (SCM); sustainability; waste by-product; cement; structural mortar; supplementary cementitious material (SCM); sustainability; waste
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Sakir, S.; Raman, S.N.; Safiuddin, M.; Kaish, A.B.M.A.; Mutalib, A.A. Utilization of By-Products and Wastes as Supplementary Cementitious Materials in Structural Mortar for Sustainable Construction. Sustainability 2020, 12, 3888. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12093888

AMA Style

Sakir S, Raman SN, Safiuddin M, Kaish ABMA, Mutalib AA. Utilization of By-Products and Wastes as Supplementary Cementitious Materials in Structural Mortar for Sustainable Construction. Sustainability. 2020; 12(9):3888. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12093888

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sakir, Shamir, Sudharshan N. Raman, Md. Safiuddin, A. B.M.A. Kaish, and Azrul A. Mutalib 2020. "Utilization of By-Products and Wastes as Supplementary Cementitious Materials in Structural Mortar for Sustainable Construction" Sustainability 12, no. 9: 3888. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12093888

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop