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Open AccessArticle

Cultural Antecedents of Green Entrepreneurship in Saudi Arabia: An Institutional Approach

1
Department of Business, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Edifici B Campus UAB, Bellaterra (Cerdanyola del Vallès), 08193 Barcelona, Spain
2
Department of Business Administration, Jouf University, Al Jouf 75471, Saudi Arabia
3
Durham University Business School, Durham University, Mill Hill Lane, Durham DH1 3LB, UK
4
Fundación ECSIM, Medellin, Colombia
5
Department of Business and Centre for Entrepreneurship and Social Innovation Research (CREIS), Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Edifici B Campus UAB, Bellaterra (Cerdanyola del Vallès), 08193 Barcelona, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(9), 3673; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12093673
Received: 10 February 2020 / Revised: 16 April 2020 / Accepted: 30 April 2020 / Published: 2 May 2020
Recent decades have brought cultural changes toward the increase of environmentally-friendly initiatives such as green entrepreneurship. Some countries are failing to develop environmental initiatives, whereas others are transitioning and advancing toward this new trend. In particular, Saudi Arabia has initiated efforts toward becoming an ecologically-friendly society. Motivated by this, we explore whether cultural characteristics are associated with green entrepreneurship in Saudi Arabia. Institutional economics is adopted to frame our hypotheses and analysis. The hypothesized relationships were empirically tested in a sample of 84 observations from 21 cities during the period 2015–2018. Data were collected from reports by the Saudi General Authority and analyzed through regression models. The main results show that cultural characteristics, such as environmental actions, environmental consciousness, and temporal orientation, increase the level of green entrepreneurial activity across cities in Saudi Arabia. The findings of this study contribute to existing knowledge on green entrepreneurship, as well as to the discussion of implications for policy and practice related to environmentally-friendly productive activities. View Full-Text
Keywords: green entrepreneurship; sustainable entrepreneurial activity; culture; institutional approach; developing countries; Saudi Arabia green entrepreneurship; sustainable entrepreneurial activity; culture; institutional approach; developing countries; Saudi Arabia
MDPI and ACS Style

Alwakid, W.; Aparicio, S.; Urbano, D. Cultural Antecedents of Green Entrepreneurship in Saudi Arabia: An Institutional Approach. Sustainability 2020, 12, 3673.

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