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Sustainable Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) Production through Improved Technology: An Overview of Production, Challenges, and Opportunities in Myanmar

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Graduate School of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8572, Japan
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Department of Agriculture, Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Irrigation, Office No. (43), Nay Pyi Taw 15011, Myanmar
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Department of Biological Science and Chemistry, University of Nizwa, P.O. Box 33, PC 616, Birkat Al Mouz, Nizwa 616, Oman
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Faculty of Agriculture, Tokyo University of Agriculture, Tokyo 243-0034, Japan
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Faculty of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8572, Japan
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Tsukuba-Plant Innovation Research Center, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8572, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(9), 3515; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12093515
Received: 2 April 2020 / Revised: 22 April 2020 / Accepted: 23 April 2020 / Published: 25 April 2020
This paper aims to review the research achievements concerning sustainable sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) production and outlook on the production constraints and future perspectives for Myanmar sesame. Sesame is an economically and nutritionally important crop, and it is prized for oil. The global sesame market demand is rising with increasing health awareness. Meanwhile, there is high competition in the market among producing countries for an international trade. Smallholder farmers in developing countries cultivate sesame as a cash crop on marginal soils. The edible oilseed sectors currently face several challenges, including ones affecting sesame crops. For sustainable production of sesame, an integrated approach is needed to overcome these challenges and the critical limiting factors should be identified. In recent years, sesame genomic resources, including molecular markers, genetic maps, genome sequences, and online functional databases, are available for sesame genetic improvement programs. Since ancient times, sesame has been cultivated in Myanmar, but productivity is still lower than that of other sesame producing countries. Myanmar sesame production is limited by many factors, including production technology, research and development, etc. With integration of these genomic resources, crop production and protection techniques, postharvest practices, crop improvement programs, and capacity building will play a crucial role for improving sesame production in Myanmar. View Full-Text
Keywords: oilseed; Sesamum indicum L.; advanced breeding technologies; genomic resources production constraints; opportunities; strategy; Myanmar oilseed; Sesamum indicum L.; advanced breeding technologies; genomic resources production constraints; opportunities; strategy; Myanmar
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MDPI and ACS Style

Myint, D.; Gilani, S.A.; Kawase, M.; Watanabe, K.N. Sustainable Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) Production through Improved Technology: An Overview of Production, Challenges, and Opportunities in Myanmar. Sustainability 2020, 12, 3515. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12093515

AMA Style

Myint D, Gilani SA, Kawase M, Watanabe KN. Sustainable Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) Production through Improved Technology: An Overview of Production, Challenges, and Opportunities in Myanmar. Sustainability. 2020; 12(9):3515. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12093515

Chicago/Turabian Style

Myint, Daisy, Syed A. Gilani, Makoto Kawase, and Kazuo N. Watanabe. 2020. "Sustainable Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) Production through Improved Technology: An Overview of Production, Challenges, and Opportunities in Myanmar" Sustainability 12, no. 9: 3515. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12093515

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