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Article

Investigating Wood Decaying Fungi Diversity in Central Siberia, Russia Using ITS Sequence Analysis and Interaction with Host Trees

1
School of Biological Sciences and Institute of Microbiology, Seoul National University, Seoul 08826, Korea
2
Laboratory of Reforestation, Mycology and Plant Pathology, V. N. Sukachev Institute of Forest, Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, 660036 Krasnoyarsk, Russia
3
Department of Chemical Technology of Wood and Biotechnology, Reshetnev Siberian State University of Science and Technology, 660049 Krasnoyarsk, Russia
4
Wood Utilization Division, Forest Products Department, National Institute of Forest Science, Seoul 02455, Korea
5
Department of Biology and Chemistry, Changwon National University, Changwon 51140, Korea
6
Science Unit, Lingnan University, Tuen Mun, Hong Kong
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(6), 2535; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12062535
Received: 27 February 2020 / Revised: 18 March 2020 / Accepted: 18 March 2020 / Published: 24 March 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Fungal Diversity and Sustainability)
Wood-decay fungi (WDF) play a significant role in recycling nutrients, using enzymatic and mechanical processes to degrade wood. Designated as a biodiversity hot spot, Central Siberia is a geographically important region for understanding the spatial distribution and the evolutionary processes shaping biodiversity. There have been several studies of WDF diversity in Central Siberia, but identification of species was based on morphological characteristics, lacking detailed descriptions and molecular data. Thus, the aim of this study was to identify WDF in Central Siberia, regarding the degradation of host trees based on both morphological and molecular analyses. We collected 106 WDF samples from Krasnoyarsk and the Republic of Khakassia in 2014 and 2017, and identified a total of 52 fungal species from six main host tree genera. In order to assess the host preference of the WDF, we examined previous literature, and data from this study. We confirmed a division in host preference of WDF between gymnosperms and angiosperms. DNA-based identification and host preference assessment of the WDF provide preliminary data on WDF diversity and their role in nutrient cycles in the ecosystem of Central Siberia. To fully understand WDF diversity in Central Siberia, continuous long-term surveys, including DNA sequence data, are needed. View Full-Text
Keywords: Central Siberia; ITS sequence; host preference; wood-decay fungi Central Siberia; ITS sequence; host preference; wood-decay fungi
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MDPI and ACS Style

Park, J.-H.; Pavlov, I.N.; Kim, M.-J.; Park, M.S.; Oh, S.-Y.; Park, K.H.; Fong, J.J.; Lim, Y.W. Investigating Wood Decaying Fungi Diversity in Central Siberia, Russia Using ITS Sequence Analysis and Interaction with Host Trees. Sustainability 2020, 12, 2535. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12062535

AMA Style

Park J-H, Pavlov IN, Kim M-J, Park MS, Oh S-Y, Park KH, Fong JJ, Lim YW. Investigating Wood Decaying Fungi Diversity in Central Siberia, Russia Using ITS Sequence Analysis and Interaction with Host Trees. Sustainability. 2020; 12(6):2535. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12062535

Chicago/Turabian Style

Park, Ji-Hyun, Igor N. Pavlov, Min-Ji Kim, Myung Soo Park, Seung-Yoon Oh, Ki Hyeong Park, Jonathan J. Fong, and Young Woon Lim. 2020. "Investigating Wood Decaying Fungi Diversity in Central Siberia, Russia Using ITS Sequence Analysis and Interaction with Host Trees" Sustainability 12, no. 6: 2535. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12062535

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