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Article

Changing Times at Cuban Universities: Looking into the Transition towards a Social, Entrepreneurial and Innovative Organization

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Departamento de Ciencias Empresariales, Facultad 1, Dirección de Comunicación Institucional, Universidad de las Ciencias Informáticas (UCI), Carretera a San Antonio de los Baños, Km. 2 ½. Torrens, La Lisa 17100, La Habana, Cuba
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School of Business and Economics, Universidad del Desarrollo, Avenida la Plaza, 680, Santiago 8320000, Chile
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Business and Law Faculty, Newcastle Business School, Sutherland Building, 2 Ellison Pl, Newcastle upon Tyne NE1 8ST, UK
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Centro de Estudios de Técnicas de Dirección (CETED), Universidad de La Habana, San Lázaro y L. Plaza de la Revolución, La Habana 10400, Cuba
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(6), 2536; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12062536
Received: 18 February 2020 / Revised: 12 March 2020 / Accepted: 21 March 2020 / Published: 24 March 2020
(This article belongs to the Collection Higher Education in Innovation Ecosystems)
Since the 1990s, the socialist higher education system has faced several reforms oriented to satisfy social, economic, and technological demands. However, little is known about the transformation process of the socialist university system over the past two decades. This study provides a better understanding of the entrepreneurial and innovative transition of universities located in socialist economies. By adopting mixed theoretical approaches, we proposed a conceptual model to understand the social, the innovative, and the entrepreneurial transformation of socialist universities. We revised and tested this model in the context of Cuban universities by implementing a prospective case study approach. Our findings show insights about the transition towards a business model innovation within Cuban universities. The determinants have been state regulations, the closing of the complete cycle from teaching to the commercialization of results, and the creation of hybrid structures to manage knowledge. Consequently, the university is facing managerial challenges related to its ability to explore and exploit its activities to generate social, innovative and economic outcomes. Our results provide practical implications for the university managers and actors involved in the transformation process of Cuban universities. View Full-Text
Keywords: higher education system; social entrepreneurship; entrepreneurial universities; business model innovation; innovation ecosystem; socialist economies; Cuba higher education system; social entrepreneurship; entrepreneurial universities; business model innovation; innovation ecosystem; socialist economies; Cuba
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MDPI and ACS Style

Cruz-Amarán, D.; Guerrero, M.; Hernández-Ruiz, A.D. Changing Times at Cuban Universities: Looking into the Transition towards a Social, Entrepreneurial and Innovative Organization. Sustainability 2020, 12, 2536. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12062536

AMA Style

Cruz-Amarán D, Guerrero M, Hernández-Ruiz AD. Changing Times at Cuban Universities: Looking into the Transition towards a Social, Entrepreneurial and Innovative Organization. Sustainability. 2020; 12(6):2536. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12062536

Chicago/Turabian Style

Cruz-Amarán, Damaris, Maribel Guerrero, and Alma D. Hernández-Ruiz. 2020. "Changing Times at Cuban Universities: Looking into the Transition towards a Social, Entrepreneurial and Innovative Organization" Sustainability 12, no. 6: 2536. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12062536

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