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How to Help Crowded Destinations: Tourist Anger vs. Sympathy and Role of Destination Social Responsibility

1
Department of Business Administration, Konkuk University Glocal Campus, Chungju-si, Chungcheongbuk-do 27478, Korea
2
Department of Design and Environmental Analysis, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(6), 2358; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12062358
Received: 6 February 2020 / Revised: 9 March 2020 / Accepted: 15 March 2020 / Published: 18 March 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Economic and Business Aspects of Sustainability)
Crowding at destinations is becoming an important issue in sustainable tourism. This study examines the relationship between tourist perceptions of crowding, environmentally responsible behavior (ERB), and intention to recommend a destination, from a helping behavior perspective. It proposes two discrete emotions, in particular anger and sympathy, to understand how tourist perceptions of crowding affect their helping behavior. We collected data through an online survey of tourists who had visited Jeju Island, which has emerged as Korea’s tourism hub. We performed structural equation modeling (SEM) and regression analysis to empirically test the research model. The results reveal that while tourist perceptions of spatial crowding positively impact both anger and sympathy, human crowding perceptions do not link to them. Further, we investigated the incompatible roles of anger and sympathy in tourist ERB and intention to recommend. Whereas anger weakens tourist ERB and intention to recommend, sympathy may strengthen them. This study also examined whether destination social responsibility (DSR) moderates the impact of crowding perceptions on the aforementioned emotions. In addition to encouraging relevant studies, we emphasize the importance of DSR, given the need for destination management organizations and tourism managers to understand tourists’ emotional responses and helping behavior at crowded destinations. View Full-Text
Keywords: crowding perceptions; anger; sympathy; destination social responsibility (DSR); environmentally responsible behavior (ERB); intention to recommend crowding perceptions; anger; sympathy; destination social responsibility (DSR); environmentally responsible behavior (ERB); intention to recommend
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kim, H.-R.; Yoon, S.-Y. How to Help Crowded Destinations: Tourist Anger vs. Sympathy and Role of Destination Social Responsibility. Sustainability 2020, 12, 2358.

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