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Open AccessArticle

Temporal Distribution as a Solution for Over-Tourism in Night Tourism: The Case of Suwon Hwaseong in South Korea

1
Department of Urban management, Suwon Research Institute, Suwon 16429, Korea
2
Department of Convention & Exhibition Management, KyungHee University, Seoul 02447, Korea
3
Public and Private Infrastructure Investment Management Center, Gyeongnam Institute, Changwon 51430, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(6), 2182; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12062182
Received: 30 January 2020 / Revised: 8 March 2020 / Accepted: 10 March 2020 / Published: 11 March 2020
As the demands of tourism become increasingly bigger, there are side effects of rapid quantitative growth, representatively, over-tourism. As efforts at minimizing over-tourism, the possibilities of temporal and seasonal distribution were explored. For the experiment, an offline survey was conducted targeting the visitors who visited Suwon Hwaseong, the UNESCO World Heritage in South Korea during the nighttime. Group classification was conducted based on visitors’ preferred times and seasons and estimated the marginal willingness to pay (MWTP) for night tourism activities by these classifications. To compare the MWTP of the groups and examine differences in attributes between the groups, a choice experiment (CE) was used. The results from the CE revealed that the MWTP for attributes was different in those groups. Based on MWTP of each group and their characteristics, it was confirmed that temporal and seasonal distribution can be one solution of over-tourism. These results may be useful for night tourism management and development at a UNESCO World Heritage site, such as providing strategies for minimizing over-tourism, which is distributed by peak and non-peak times. View Full-Text
Keywords: over-tourism; temporal distribution; willingness to pay; choice experiment; tourism management and development; UNESCO World Heritage site over-tourism; temporal distribution; willingness to pay; choice experiment; tourism management and development; UNESCO World Heritage site
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Song, H.; Kim, M.; Park, C. Temporal Distribution as a Solution for Over-Tourism in Night Tourism: The Case of Suwon Hwaseong in South Korea. Sustainability 2020, 12, 2182.

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