Next Article in Journal
Managing the Risk of Food Waste in Foodservice Establishments
Previous Article in Journal
Optimization of Traffic Detector Layout Based on Complex Network Theory
 
 
Article

A Functional Analysis of Technological Innovation Systems in Developing Countries: An Evaluation of Iran’s Photovoltaic Innovation System

1
Department of Progress Engineering, University of Science and Technology, Tehran 16846-13114, Iran
2
Department of Industrial Engineering, University of Science and Technology, Tehran 16846-13114, Iran
3
Department of Food and Resource Economics (IFRO), University of Copenhagen, Nørregade 10, 1165 Copenhagen, Denmark
4
University of California, Berkeley CA 94720, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(5), 2049; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12052049
Received: 25 January 2020 / Revised: 27 February 2020 / Accepted: 28 February 2020 / Published: 6 March 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Economic and Business Aspects of Sustainability)
For developing countries to catch up, it is vital that they develop emerging technologies and the system that supports that development. The literature suggests developing a technological innovation system (TIS) framework to investigate the development of technologies in a country. Nonetheless, most of this research focuses on developed countries without taking into account developing countries. Therefore, in this paper, we have two main goals. First, reviewing the indicators introduced to the functional analysis of TISs and modifying these indicators based on developing countries’ circumstances. Second, applying this framework to the specific case of Iran’s renewable energy program by using these indicators for analyzing Iran’s photovoltaic TIS to identify the problems. Accordingly, we review indicators used for a functional analysis by considering the needs of developing countries, and we propose a list of indicators that can be used for assessing functions in developing countries’ TISs. The results show that, to evaluate some functions of TIS, we need to use new indicators in developing countries. Finally, we propose some policy recommendations to tackle these functional problems. View Full-Text
Keywords: technological innovation system; photovoltaics; functional analysis; developing countries technological innovation system; photovoltaics; functional analysis; developing countries
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Esmailzadeh, M.; Noori, S.; Aliahmadi, A.; Nouralizadeh, H.; Bogers, M. A Functional Analysis of Technological Innovation Systems in Developing Countries: An Evaluation of Iran’s Photovoltaic Innovation System. Sustainability 2020, 12, 2049. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12052049

AMA Style

Esmailzadeh M, Noori S, Aliahmadi A, Nouralizadeh H, Bogers M. A Functional Analysis of Technological Innovation Systems in Developing Countries: An Evaluation of Iran’s Photovoltaic Innovation System. Sustainability. 2020; 12(5):2049. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12052049

Chicago/Turabian Style

Esmailzadeh, Mohammad, Siamak Noori, Alireza Aliahmadi, Hamidreza Nouralizadeh, and Marcel Bogers. 2020. "A Functional Analysis of Technological Innovation Systems in Developing Countries: An Evaluation of Iran’s Photovoltaic Innovation System" Sustainability 12, no. 5: 2049. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12052049

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop