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Open AccessArticle

Identification of Body Balance Deterioration of Gait in Women Using Accelerometers

1
Faculty of Physical Therapy, Universidade de Vigo, Campus A Xunqueira s/n, 36005 Pontevedra, Spain
2
Faculty of Sports Sciences and Education, Universidade de Vigo, Campus A Xunqueira s/n, 36005 Pontevedra, Spain
3
Health Service from Galicia (SERGAS), Galician Health Services—Ourense Hospital, 32005 Ourense, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(3), 1222; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12031222
Received: 31 December 2019 / Revised: 31 January 2020 / Accepted: 3 February 2020 / Published: 7 February 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Active Aging: Educational Innovations in the Elderly)
This study presents a simple methodology for the evaluation of gait with accelerometers, for rapid and simple application, in which we employ current balance tests in clinical practice (Timed Up and Go, Chair Stand Test and Six-Minute Walk Test). The aim was to determine whether the accelerometric valuation of gait can detect alterations in balance. The sample of this cross-sectional research, made during the months of May and June 2018, was composed of 145 healthy adult women (x = 63.8 ± 8.41 years), from the city of Ourense (Spain). They walked with a triaxial accelerometer at the fourth lumbar vertebra for a distance of 20 m. The test was repeated three times, and the mean of the three measurements was used in the analysis. There was a reduction in the values of acceleration recorded along all three of the axes and in the root mean square as the age increased. This reduction was very significant for the minimum values registered along the vertical and transverse axes, and for the maximum values along the mediolateral axis. Only the maximum values of the vector module demonstrated significant differences among the three age groups. A regression model allowed us to identify the values that give more information on the Timed Up and Go Test, namely: the maximum values of the root mean square and the mediolateral axis. An exhaustive analysis of the vertical and mediolateral axes and the vector module allows for the detection of early alterations in the automatic gait pattern. View Full-Text
Keywords: age; anthropometry; gait; falls; functional performance age; anthropometry; gait; falls; functional performance
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MDPI and ACS Style

Leirós-Rodríguez, R.; Romo-Pérez, V.; García-Soidán, J.L.; Soto-Rodríguez, A. Identification of Body Balance Deterioration of Gait in Women Using Accelerometers. Sustainability 2020, 12, 1222. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12031222

AMA Style

Leirós-Rodríguez R, Romo-Pérez V, García-Soidán JL, Soto-Rodríguez A. Identification of Body Balance Deterioration of Gait in Women Using Accelerometers. Sustainability. 2020; 12(3):1222. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12031222

Chicago/Turabian Style

Leirós-Rodríguez, Raquel; Romo-Pérez, Vicente; García-Soidán, Jose L.; Soto-Rodríguez, Anxela. 2020. "Identification of Body Balance Deterioration of Gait in Women Using Accelerometers" Sustainability 12, no. 3: 1222. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12031222

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