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Open AccessArticle

The Right Amount of Technology in School Buildings

Chair for Building Technology and Climate Responsive Design, Faculty of Architecture, Technische Universität München, 80333 Munich, Germany
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Sustainability 2020, 12(3), 1134; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12031134
Received: 13 November 2019 / Revised: 14 January 2020 / Accepted: 2 February 2020 / Published: 5 February 2020
What is an adequate school building nowadays and which amount of technology does it need? How high is the indoor comfort in terms of thermal, visual, hygienic, and acoustical comfort? Are there technical aspects that stand out to other solutions? How do users feel and act in the buildings? For this purpose, the Chair compared, in total, twelve selected modern, older, and renovated school buildings from different building age groups. For the comparison, it was essential to intensively analyze each of the twelve schools. This included visiting the schools, talking with the participating architects, specialist planners, builders, and school managers, procuring and analyzing planning documents and, where available, publications and reports, performing simulations and measurements in the classrooms, and surveying the buildings’ users. The predominant energy demand in schools is the energy expenditure for heating and cooling the air, especially for heating the air in the winter. Nevertheless, it turns out that from a purely energy-focused perspective, mechanical ventilation cannot be justified. It is also evident that transmission heat losses play a negligible role in school construction, which is why the “passive house” as a goal for renovations must be called into question. View Full-Text
Keywords: schools; education; technology; comparison; comfort; indoor quality; evaluation; analysis schools; education; technology; comparison; comfort; indoor quality; evaluation; analysis
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Auer, T.; Vohlidka, P.; Zettelmeier, C. The Right Amount of Technology in School Buildings. Sustainability 2020, 12, 1134.

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