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Open AccessArticle

On the Sustainable Choice of Alloying Elements for Strength of Aluminum-Based Alloys

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Jönköping University, School of Engineering, Department of Materials and Manufacturing, Box1026, 55111 Jönköping, Sweden
2
China Academy of Machinery Sciences and Technology (Jiangle) Institute of Semi-solid Metal Technology, No 22 Huancheng East Road, Jiangle County, Sanming City 353300, China
3
University of Science and Technology Beijing, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Department of Materials Processing and Control Engineering, Xueyuan Road No.30, Haidian District, Beijing 100083, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(3), 1059; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12031059
Received: 11 January 2020 / Accepted: 28 January 2020 / Published: 2 February 2020
Aluminum alloys are today entirely recyclable and are seen as a sustainable material. However, there are limitations in the use of aluminum from material strength and cost perspective. Nickel, copper and rare earth metals are alloying elements that may provide strength at room and elevated temperatures. These are, however, often seen as harmful from a sustainability viewpoint. Additionally, these alloying elements are commonly costly. The current paper makes an analysis of the sustainability–strength dimension of alloying, together with a cost perspective, to guide alloy producers and alloy users in making an educated choice of direction for future materials and material development. View Full-Text
Keywords: aluminum; alloys; alloying element; cost; strength; sustainability; embodied energy; CO2-footprint; water usage aluminum; alloys; alloying element; cost; strength; sustainability; embodied energy; CO2-footprint; water usage
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MDPI and ACS Style

Jarfors, A.E.W.; Du, A.; Yu, G.; Zheng, J.; Wang, K. On the Sustainable Choice of Alloying Elements for Strength of Aluminum-Based Alloys. Sustainability 2020, 12, 1059. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12031059

AMA Style

Jarfors AEW, Du A, Yu G, Zheng J, Wang K. On the Sustainable Choice of Alloying Elements for Strength of Aluminum-Based Alloys. Sustainability. 2020; 12(3):1059. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12031059

Chicago/Turabian Style

Jarfors, Anders E.W.; Du, Andong; Yu, Gegan; Zheng, Jinchuan; Wang, Kaikun. 2020. "On the Sustainable Choice of Alloying Elements for Strength of Aluminum-Based Alloys" Sustainability 12, no. 3: 1059. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12031059

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