Next Article in Journal
Land-Use Efficiency in Shandong (China): Empirical Analysis Based on a Super-SBM Model
Previous Article in Journal
Social Media Adoption and Financial Sustainability: Learned Lessons from Developing Countries
Open AccessFeature PaperArticle

Climate Change and Ski Tourism Sustainability: An Integrated Model of the Adaptive Dynamics between Ski Area Operations and Skier Demand

1
Department of Geography & Environmental Management, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON N2L 3G1, Canada
2
Department of Public Finance, University of Innsbruck, 6020 Innsbruck, Austria
3
Faculty of Environment, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON N2L 3G1, Canada
4
Observatori de la Sostenibilitat d’Andorra, AD600 Sant Julià de Lòria, Andorra
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(24), 10617; https://doi.org/10.3390/su122410617
Received: 2 November 2020 / Revised: 1 December 2020 / Accepted: 15 December 2020 / Published: 18 December 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Climate Change)
Climate change is an evolving business reality influencing the sustainability of ski tourism worldwide. A new integrated model of the co-evolution of supply (27 ski areas) and demand-side (skier behaviour) climate change adaptation in the ski tourism market of Ontario, Canada is presented. Ski area operations are modeled under a high-emission 2050s scenario, with skier responses to altered operations informed by a survey of 2429 skiers. These market adaptive dynamics reveal new insights into differential climate risk, capturing patterns not apparent when considering only operational conditions of ski resorts. A decoupling of ski season length and skier visitation was found at four ski areas, where, despite average season length losses, visitation increased as a result of reduced competition. Simulated skier visit losses were smaller than reductions in season length, contributing to an increase in crowding. Growing the market of skiers was also identified as a critical adaptation strategy that could offset skier visit losses from shortened seasons. Climate change challenges the future sustainability of ski areas in this market in several ways: profitability of ski areas with substantially shorter seasons, increased snowmaking costs, crowding impacts on visitor experience, and potential overtourism at the few most climate resilient destinations. View Full-Text
Keywords: climate risk; ski industry; sustainable tourism; adaptive dynamics; tourism demand climate risk; ski industry; sustainable tourism; adaptive dynamics; tourism demand
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Scott, D.; Steiger, R.; Rutty, M.; Pons, M.; Johnson, P. Climate Change and Ski Tourism Sustainability: An Integrated Model of the Adaptive Dynamics between Ski Area Operations and Skier Demand. Sustainability 2020, 12, 10617. https://doi.org/10.3390/su122410617

AMA Style

Scott D, Steiger R, Rutty M, Pons M, Johnson P. Climate Change and Ski Tourism Sustainability: An Integrated Model of the Adaptive Dynamics between Ski Area Operations and Skier Demand. Sustainability. 2020; 12(24):10617. https://doi.org/10.3390/su122410617

Chicago/Turabian Style

Scott, Daniel; Steiger, Robert; Rutty, Michelle; Pons, Marc; Johnson, Peter. 2020. "Climate Change and Ski Tourism Sustainability: An Integrated Model of the Adaptive Dynamics between Ski Area Operations and Skier Demand" Sustainability 12, no. 24: 10617. https://doi.org/10.3390/su122410617

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop