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Open AccessArticle

Social Media Adoption and Financial Sustainability: Learned Lessons from Developing Countries

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Institute of Business Studies and Leadership, Abdul Wali Khan University, Garden Campus, Mardan 23200, Pakistan
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College of Business & Economics, Qatar University, Doha 2713, Qatar
3
Community College, Prince Sattam Bin Abdulaziz University, Alkharj Campus, Alkharj 11942, Saudi Arabia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(24), 10616; https://doi.org/10.3390/su122410616
Received: 3 November 2020 / Revised: 5 December 2020 / Accepted: 9 December 2020 / Published: 18 December 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Electronic Marketing Sustainability)
Social Media (SM) is considered one of the most discussed topics in today’s business environment, mostly because of the recent developments and improvements in computer and ICT (Information and Communications Technology) technologies. However, very little is known about Social Media’s (SM) role in creating Small and Medium-sized Enterprises’ (SMEs’) financial sustainability. Drawing upon the Technology Organisational and Environmental (TOE) framework, the authors constructed a comprehensive model that examined the role of different factors in the adoption of SM by SMEs in developing countries (using Pakistan as an example). Using a questionnaire survey of 383 owners/managers of SMEs in Pakistan, the research findings determined the different factors (i.e., organisational, technological, and environmental), which can impact the adoption of SM by SMEs. In line with previous research studies, the results of structural equation modelling show that technological factors such as perceived benefits of SM, compatibility of SM, cost, and trust have a substantial effect on SMEs’ SM adoption. Similarly, both organisational factors: top management support and technological competence, are strong predictors of SM adoption in SMEs. Finally, environmental factors (i.e., competitor pressure, customer pressure, and information intensity) positively impacted SM adoption by SMEs. The effect of SM adoption on SMEs’ financial sustainability was also tested and found to be positive and significant. Several theoretical and practical implications for owners/managers and other stakeholders regarding SM’s successful implementation by SMEs are highlighted within the paper. View Full-Text
Keywords: financial sustainability; social media adoption; social media sustainable practices; SMEs; developing countries; social media sustainability; Pakistan financial sustainability; social media adoption; social media sustainable practices; SMEs; developing countries; social media sustainability; Pakistan
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ur Rahman, R.; Ali Shah, S.M.; El-Gohary, H.; Abbas, M.; Haider Khalil, S.; Al Altheeb, S.; Sultan, F. Social Media Adoption and Financial Sustainability: Learned Lessons from Developing Countries. Sustainability 2020, 12, 10616. https://doi.org/10.3390/su122410616

AMA Style

Ur Rahman R, Ali Shah SM, El-Gohary H, Abbas M, Haider Khalil S, Al Altheeb S, Sultan F. Social Media Adoption and Financial Sustainability: Learned Lessons from Developing Countries. Sustainability. 2020; 12(24):10616. https://doi.org/10.3390/su122410616

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ur Rahman, Raza; Ali Shah, Syed M.; El-Gohary, Hatem; Abbas, Muzaffar; Haider Khalil, Syed; Al Altheeb, Saad; Sultan, Fahad. 2020. "Social Media Adoption and Financial Sustainability: Learned Lessons from Developing Countries" Sustainability 12, no. 24: 10616. https://doi.org/10.3390/su122410616

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