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Open AccessArticle

Pandapipes: An Open-Source Piping Grid Calculation Package for Multi-Energy Grid Simulations

1
Department of Grid Planning and Grid Operation, Fraunhofer Institute for Energy Economics and Energy System Technology IEE, 34119 Kassel, Germany
2
Department of Energy Management and Power System Operation, University of Kassel, 34121 Kassel, Germany
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(23), 9899; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12239899
Received: 30 September 2020 / Revised: 19 November 2020 / Accepted: 19 November 2020 / Published: 26 November 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Developing Multi-Energy Systems: Technologies, Methods and Models)
The increasing complexity of the design and operation evaluation process of multi-energy grids (MEGs) requires tools for the coupled simulation of power, gas and district heating grids. In this work, we analyze a number of applicable tools and find that most of them do not allow coupling of infrastructures, oversimplify the grid model or are based on inaccessible source code. We introduce the open source piping grid simulation tool pandapipes that—in interaction with pandapower—addresses three crucial criteria: clear data structure, adaptable MEG model setup and performance. In an introduction to pandapipes, we illustrate how it fulfills these criteria through its internal structure and demonstrate how it performs in comparison to STANET®. Then, we show two case studies that have been performed with pandapipes already. The first case study demonstrates a peak shaving strategy as an interaction of a local electricity and district heating grid in a small neighborhood. The second case study analyzes the potential of a power-to-gas device to provide flexibility in a power grid while considering gas grid constraints. These cases show the importance of performing coupled simulations for the design and analysis of future energy infrastructures, as well as why the software should fulfill the three criteria. View Full-Text
Keywords: sector coupling; gas grid; district heating grid; grid simulation; network analysis; grid operation; open source; multi-energy grids; multi-vector model; hydrogen infrastructure sector coupling; gas grid; district heating grid; grid simulation; network analysis; grid operation; open source; multi-energy grids; multi-vector model; hydrogen infrastructure
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MDPI and ACS Style

Lohmeier, D.; Cronbach, D.; Drauz, S.R.; Braun, M.; Kneiske, T.M. Pandapipes: An Open-Source Piping Grid Calculation Package for Multi-Energy Grid Simulations. Sustainability 2020, 12, 9899. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12239899

AMA Style

Lohmeier D, Cronbach D, Drauz SR, Braun M, Kneiske TM. Pandapipes: An Open-Source Piping Grid Calculation Package for Multi-Energy Grid Simulations. Sustainability. 2020; 12(23):9899. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12239899

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lohmeier, Daniel; Cronbach, Dennis; Drauz, Simon R.; Braun, Martin; Kneiske, Tanja M. 2020. "Pandapipes: An Open-Source Piping Grid Calculation Package for Multi-Energy Grid Simulations" Sustainability 12, no. 23: 9899. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12239899

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