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Article

How Can Emerging Event Sustainably Develop in the Tourism Industry? From the Perspective of the S-O-R Model on a Two-Year Empirical Study

1
Department of Hospitality Management, National Taitung Junior College, Taitung 95045, Taiwan
2
Department of Business Management, National Sun Yat-sen University, Kaohsiung 80424, Taiwan
3
Business School, Shantou University, Guangdong, Shantou 515063, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(23), 10075; https://doi.org/10.3390/su122310075
Received: 16 October 2020 / Revised: 23 November 2020 / Accepted: 30 November 2020 / Published: 2 December 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Tourism, Culture, and Heritage)
Festivals and events are important activities related to enhancing the image of the destination. Modern festivals are spread all over the world, not only changing the rhythm of daily life but also bringing more development possibilities for the places where these festivals are held. In order to learn more about tourists’ experiences in emerging events, a detailed study of famous hot air balloon festivals was conducted in Taitung City, Taiwan. Based on the stimulus-organism-response (S-O-R) model, the purpose of this study is to explore the relationship among these three constructs, namely stimulus: perception of marketing strategies and motivation, organism: positive emotions and satisfaction and response: revisit intention. Face-to-face surveys were conducted on-site in 2014 and 2018, a total of 896 valid questionnaires were collected from tourists who visited the Taiwan International Balloon Festival. SPSS Macros PROCESS was used to examine the measurement model. This study confirms the application of the S-O-R model in predicting tourists’ revisit intentions in the context of emerging events in the tourism industry. The survey results show that whether in 2014 or 2018, tourists’ satisfaction and tourists’ positive emotions can mediate the relationship between tourists’ perception of marketing strategies (or tourist’s motivation) and tourists’ revisit intention. Moreover, only in 2018, tourists’ visiting frequency can moderate the relationship between satisfaction and revisit intention. View Full-Text
Keywords: festival; revisit intention; S-O-R model; satisfaction; positive emotions; visiting frequency festival; revisit intention; S-O-R model; satisfaction; positive emotions; visiting frequency
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MDPI and ACS Style

Cheng, W.; Tsai, H.; Chuang, H.; Lin, P.; Ho, T. How Can Emerging Event Sustainably Develop in the Tourism Industry? From the Perspective of the S-O-R Model on a Two-Year Empirical Study. Sustainability 2020, 12, 10075. https://doi.org/10.3390/su122310075

AMA Style

Cheng W, Tsai H, Chuang H, Lin P, Ho T. How Can Emerging Event Sustainably Develop in the Tourism Industry? From the Perspective of the S-O-R Model on a Two-Year Empirical Study. Sustainability. 2020; 12(23):10075. https://doi.org/10.3390/su122310075

Chicago/Turabian Style

Cheng, Weiling, Hsientang Tsai, Hsiuhui Chuang, Paohui Lin, and Tzuya Ho. 2020. "How Can Emerging Event Sustainably Develop in the Tourism Industry? From the Perspective of the S-O-R Model on a Two-Year Empirical Study" Sustainability 12, no. 23: 10075. https://doi.org/10.3390/su122310075

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