Next Article in Journal
Analyzing Coping Strategies and Adaptation after Resettlement—Case Study of Ekondo Kondo, Cameroon and Ekondo Kondo Model of Adaptation
Previous Article in Journal
Natural Resources and Foreign Direct Investment in Africa: Evidence from Chinese Firms
Article

Examining the Relationship between Hukou Status, Perceived Neighborhood Conditions, and Fear of Crime in Guangzhou, China

by 1,2, 3,4,*, 1,2 and 4
1
School of Geography and Planning, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
2
Guangdong Provincial Engineering Research Center for Public Security and Disaster, Guangzhou 510275, China
3
Department of Geography, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH 45221-0091, USA
4
Center of GeoInformatics for Public Security, School of Geographical Science and Remote Sensing, Guangzhou University, Guangzhou 510006, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(22), 9614; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12229614
Received: 4 October 2020 / Revised: 29 October 2020 / Accepted: 16 November 2020 / Published: 18 November 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Geography and Sustainability)
Fear of crime can lead to lower satisfaction with life and subjective well-being. The indicators of fear of crime vary from the social and cultural context, and the hukou (household registration) status causes unequal rights between local hukou and non-local hukou residents in China. To improve people’s perception of safety, this study takes hukou as an indicator of social vulnerability and examines the relationship between hukou, perceived neighborhood conditions, and fear of crime in China. A binary logistic regression model was used to analyze the 1727 residents garnered from the 2016 Project on Public Safety in Guangzhou Neighborhoods (PPSGN) in Guangzhou, China. The results show that women, victimization experience, physical and social disorder, and neighborhood policing are associated with residents’ fear of crime. Although hukou status has no statistically significant effect on fear of crime, hukou status significantly moderates the influence of perceived neighborhood conditions on fear of crime. That is, perceived neighborhood conditions’ effects on fear are conditional on one’s hukou status: non-local hukou, perception of the social disorder has more of the detrimental effect on fear, and perception of social integration has less of the helpful effect on fear. In sum, this study adds to the international literature by revealing the conditional effect of the hukou on fear in a Chinese city. View Full-Text
Keywords: fear of crime; hukou status; perceived neighborhood conditions; China fear of crime; hukou status; perceived neighborhood conditions; China
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Jing, F.; Liu, L.; Zhou, S.; Song, G. Examining the Relationship between Hukou Status, Perceived Neighborhood Conditions, and Fear of Crime in Guangzhou, China. Sustainability 2020, 12, 9614. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12229614

AMA Style

Jing F, Liu L, Zhou S, Song G. Examining the Relationship between Hukou Status, Perceived Neighborhood Conditions, and Fear of Crime in Guangzhou, China. Sustainability. 2020; 12(22):9614. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12229614

Chicago/Turabian Style

Jing, Fengrui, Lin Liu, Suhong Zhou, and Guangwen Song. 2020. "Examining the Relationship between Hukou Status, Perceived Neighborhood Conditions, and Fear of Crime in Guangzhou, China" Sustainability 12, no. 22: 9614. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12229614

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop