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Open AccessArticle

The Role of Human Operators in Safety Perception of AV Deployment—Insights from a Large European Survey

1
Laboratory for Energy Systems Analysis, Paul-Scherrer Institute, 5232 Villigen, Switzerland
2
ICT Department, Faculty of Electrical Engineering, University of Ljubljana, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
3
Infrastructure Management Consultants, 8008 Zürich, Switzerland
4
Interuniversity Department of Regional and Urban Studies and Planning, Politecnico di Torino, 10125 Torino, Italy
5
Université de Technologie de Compiègne, Sorbonne Universités, EA 7284 AVENUES, 60200 Compiègne, France
6
Department of Tourism and Transport, School of Hospitality and Tourism Management, University of Surrey, Guildford, Surrey GU2 7XH, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(21), 9166; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12219166
Received: 1 September 2020 / Revised: 30 October 2020 / Accepted: 31 October 2020 / Published: 4 November 2020
Autonomous vehicles are anticipated to play an important role on future mobility offering encouraging solutions to today’s transport problems. However, concerns of the public, which can affect the AVs’ uptake, are yet to be addressed. This study presents relevant findings of an online survey in eight European countries. First, 1639 responses were collected in Spring 2020 on people’s commute, preferred transport mode, willingness to use AVs and demographic details. Data was analyzed for the entire dataset and for vulnerable road users in particular. Results re-confirm the long-lasting discourse on the importance of safety on the acceptance of AVs. Spearman correlations show that age, gender, education level and number of household members have an impact on how people may be using or allowing their children to use the technology, e.g., with or without the presence of a human supervisor in the vehicle. Results on vulnerable road users show the same trend. The elderly would travel in AVs with the presence of a human supervisor. People with disabilities have the same proclivity, however their reactions were more conservative. Next to safety, reliability, affordability, cost, driving pleasure and household size may also impact the uptake of AVs and shall be considered when designing relevant policies. View Full-Text
Keywords: safety; automated driving vehicles; vulnerable road users; user preferences; supervision; privacy; reliability; sustainability safety; automated driving vehicles; vulnerable road users; user preferences; supervision; privacy; reliability; sustainability
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kyriakidis, M.; Sodnik, J.; Stojmenova, K.; Elvarsson, A.B.; Pronello, C.; Thomopoulos, N. The Role of Human Operators in Safety Perception of AV Deployment—Insights from a Large European Survey. Sustainability 2020, 12, 9166. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12219166

AMA Style

Kyriakidis M, Sodnik J, Stojmenova K, Elvarsson AB, Pronello C, Thomopoulos N. The Role of Human Operators in Safety Perception of AV Deployment—Insights from a Large European Survey. Sustainability. 2020; 12(21):9166. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12219166

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kyriakidis, Miltos; Sodnik, Jaka; Stojmenova, Kristina; Elvarsson, Arnór B.; Pronello, Cristina; Thomopoulos, Nikolas. 2020. "The Role of Human Operators in Safety Perception of AV Deployment—Insights from a Large European Survey" Sustainability 12, no. 21: 9166. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12219166

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