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Review

Port City Sustainability: A Review of Its Research Trends

by 1,2,*, 3 and 2,*
1
College of Business Administration, Fujian Jiangxia University, Fuzhou 350108, China
2
Department of Forestry and Natural Resources, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA
3
Institute of Urban Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xiamen 361021, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(20), 8355; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12208355
Received: 21 August 2020 / Revised: 5 October 2020 / Accepted: 9 October 2020 / Published: 11 October 2020
In recent years, with the development of society, the awareness of environmental protection for people has been increasing. While ports promote the economic development and employment levels of port cities, they also have a negative impact on the environment of port cities. The sustainability of port cities is increasingly valued. Port cities face huge challenges, and their sustainability needs to be better understood. The purpose of this article is to review research on the sustainability of port cities. We used content analysis to classify and analyze the existing relevant literature, to learn about the hotspots and deficiencies of past research, and to propose future research directions. We found that port sustainability has become an increasingly important research topic during the past ten years. From the perspective of geographic research areas, European port cities are the hot spots for sustainability research. Regarding research fields, technologies, methods and measures to promote the sustainability of port cities are popular research topics. In terms of research methods, qualitative research plays an important role in the study of port city sustainability. Finally, guidance for future research on port city sustainability is proposed according to the review results. View Full-Text
Keywords: port city; sustainability; literature review; content analysis; sustainable development port city; sustainability; literature review; content analysis; sustainable development
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zheng, Y.; Zhao, J.; Shao, G. Port City Sustainability: A Review of Its Research Trends. Sustainability 2020, 12, 8355. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12208355

AMA Style

Zheng Y, Zhao J, Shao G. Port City Sustainability: A Review of Its Research Trends. Sustainability. 2020; 12(20):8355. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12208355

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zheng, Ying, Jingzhu Zhao, and Guofan Shao. 2020. "Port City Sustainability: A Review of Its Research Trends" Sustainability 12, no. 20: 8355. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12208355

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