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Open AccessArticle

Energy and Environmental Life Cycle Assessment of Sustainable Pavement Materials and Technologies for Urban Roads

1
Department of Information, Infrastructure and Sustainable Energy (DIIES), Via Graziella, Feo di Vito, University Mediterranea of Reggio Calabria, 89214 Reggio Calabria, Italy
2
Department of Civil, Energy, Environmental and Material Engineering (DICEAM), via Graziella, Feo di Vito, University Mediterranea of Reggio Calabria, 89100 Reggio Calabria, Italy
3
Department of Heritage, Architecture, Urbanism (PAU), Via dell’Università, 25, University Mediterranea of Reggio Calabria, 89124 Reggio Calabria, Italy
4
Department of Engineering, Viale delle Scienze, University of Palermo, 90128 Palermo, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(2), 704; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12020704
Received: 18 December 2019 / Revised: 8 January 2020 / Accepted: 16 January 2020 / Published: 18 January 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Towards Sustainable Engineering: New Technologies and Methodologies)
Recycled and low-temperature materials are promising solutions to reduce the environmental burden deriving from hot mix asphalts. Despite this, there is lack of studies focusing on the assessment of the life-cycle impacts of these promising technologies. Consequently, this study deals with the life cycle assessment (LCA) of different classes of pavement technologies, based on the use of bituminous mixes (hot mix asphalt and warm mix asphalt) with recycled materials (reclaimed asphalt pavements, crumb rubber, and waste plastics), in the pursuit of assessing energy and environmental impacts. Analysis is developed based on the ISO 14040 series. Different scenarios of pavement production, construction, and maintenance are assessed and compared to a reference case involving the use of common paving materials. For all the considered scenarios, the influence of each life-cycle phase on the overall impacts is assessed to the purpose of identifying the phases and processes which produce the greatest impacts. Results show that material production involves the highest contribution (about 60–70%) in all the examined impact categories. Further, the combined use of warm mix asphalts and recycled materials in bituminous mixtures entails lower energy consumption and environmental impacts due to a reduction of virgin bitumen and aggregate consumption, which involves a decrease in the consumption of primary energy and raw materials, and reduced impacts for disposal. LCA results demonstrate that this methodology is able to help set up strategies for eco-design in the pavement sector. View Full-Text
Keywords: life cycle assessment; reclaimed asphalt pavement; warm mix asphalt; global energy requirement; energy consumption; environmental impacts life cycle assessment; reclaimed asphalt pavement; warm mix asphalt; global energy requirement; energy consumption; environmental impacts
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MDPI and ACS Style

Praticò, F.G.; Giunta, M.; Mistretta, M.; Gulotta, T.M. Energy and Environmental Life Cycle Assessment of Sustainable Pavement Materials and Technologies for Urban Roads. Sustainability 2020, 12, 704. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12020704

AMA Style

Praticò FG, Giunta M, Mistretta M, Gulotta TM. Energy and Environmental Life Cycle Assessment of Sustainable Pavement Materials and Technologies for Urban Roads. Sustainability. 2020; 12(2):704. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12020704

Chicago/Turabian Style

Praticò, Filippo G.; Giunta, Marinella; Mistretta, Marina; Gulotta, Teresa M. 2020. "Energy and Environmental Life Cycle Assessment of Sustainable Pavement Materials and Technologies for Urban Roads" Sustainability 12, no. 2: 704. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12020704

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