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Open AccessArticle

Placemaking in Action: Factors That Support or Obstruct the Development of Urban Community Gardens

1
School of Landscape Architecture, Faculty of Environment, Society and Design, Lincoln University, 7647 Lincoln, New Zealand
2
Spatial Planning and Urban Design, ILS-Research Institute for Regional and Urban Development, 44135 Dortmund, Germany
3
Research Department I “Society and Culture”, Academy for Spatial Research and Planning (ARL), 30179 Hanover, Germany
4
Institute for Landscape Planning and Landscape Architecture, University of Kassel, 34117 Kassel, Germany
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(2), 657; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12020657
Received: 9 December 2019 / Revised: 12 January 2020 / Accepted: 14 January 2020 / Published: 16 January 2020
The paper examines factors that support or obstruct the development of urban community garden projects. It combines a systematic scholarly literature review with empirical research from case studies located in New Zealand and Germany. The findings are discussed against the backdrop of placemaking processes: urban community gardens are valuable platforms to observe space-to-place transformations. Following a social-constructionist approach, literature-informed enablers and barriers for the development of urban community gardens are analysed against perceived notions informed by local interviewees with regard to their biophysical and technical, socio-cultural and economic, and political and administrative dimensions. These dimensions are incorporated into a systematic and comprehensive category system. This approach helps observe how the essential biophysical-material base of the projects is overlaid with socio-cultural factors and shaped by governmental or administrative regulations. Perceptual differences become evident and are discussed through the lens of different actors. View Full-Text
Keywords: community gardens; enablers; barriers; placemaking; socio-cultural phenomenon; perception gaps community gardens; enablers; barriers; placemaking; socio-cultural phenomenon; perception gaps
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Wesener, A.; Fox-Kämper, R.; Sondermann, M.; Münderlein, D. Placemaking in Action: Factors That Support or Obstruct the Development of Urban Community Gardens. Sustainability 2020, 12, 657.

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