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A Social Cost-Benefit Analysis of the Vehicle Restriction Policy for Reducing Overtourism in Udo, Korea

by Suah Kim and Namjo Kim *
Department of Tourism, Hanyang University, Seoul 04763, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(2), 612; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12020612
Received: 12 December 2019 / Revised: 8 January 2020 / Accepted: 13 January 2020 / Published: 14 January 2020
Overtourism has given rise to conflict among various stakeholders. Accordingly, to control overtourism, the public sector has started to implement policies. Recently, Udo off Jeju Island in South Korea has begun experiencing overtourism; to prevent the situation from deteriorating, the public sector implemented a vehicle restriction policy. This study used a cost-benefit analysis framework to assess the social costs and benefits of the public policy to control overtourism in Udo. Through interviews and relevant data and documents, this study classified analysis items related to the policy that could be either a cost or benefit to different stakeholders. The social cost-benefit analysis showed that the net benefit increases, the longer the policy continues, thus ensuring it is adequate and feasible to implement the policy. An effective management public policy for the sustainability of the region’s tourism should always be promoted. View Full-Text
Keywords: overtourism; crowding; social cost-benefit analysis; tourism economy; sustainable tourism; tourism public policy; stakeholders overtourism; crowding; social cost-benefit analysis; tourism economy; sustainable tourism; tourism public policy; stakeholders
MDPI and ACS Style

Kim, S.; Kim, N. A Social Cost-Benefit Analysis of the Vehicle Restriction Policy for Reducing Overtourism in Udo, Korea. Sustainability 2020, 12, 612.

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