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Article

Does the School Really Support My Child? SOFIA: An Assessment Tool for Families of Children with SEN in Spain

1
Department of Education, Faculty of Education, Valencian International University, 46002 Valencia, Spain
2
Department of Educational Psychology and Special Educational Needs, Faculty of Teaching and Educational Sciences, Catholic University of Valencia, 46001 Valencia, Spain
3
Department of Personality, Assessment and Psychological Treatments, Faculty of Psychology, University of Valencia, 46010 Valencia, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(19), 7879; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12197879
Received: 18 August 2020 / Revised: 18 September 2020 / Accepted: 20 September 2020 / Published: 23 September 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Inclusive Education and Sustainability)
The integration of the family in educating their children allows for the optimization of educational intervention. Despite its relevance, there is not much research aimed at collecting the voice of the families of students with Special Educational Needs (SEN) about their relationship with the school system. The present study aims to develop and validate a questionnaire of the family perception of the support received from the educational system, the Satisfaction of Family in Inclusive Education Assessment (SOFIA) Questionnaire, conformed of 26 indicators. Analyses of the psychometric properties of the instrument support that they are good for use in this area. Specifically, exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses support the internal structure of the instrument (confirmatory factorial analysis (CFA) = SBχ2 = 607.11, p < 0.001; χ2/df = 2.07; Comparative Adjustment Index (IFC) = 0.902; Incremental Adjustment Index (IFI) = 0.903; the root mean square error approximation (RMSEA) = 0.071) in the same way, all dimension showed adequate reliability (Cronbach’s alpha ranged from 0.91 to 0.94; CR ranged from 0.91 to 0.95). The Average Variance Extracted (AVE) results also showed adequate results (0.55 to 0.68). Our research results indicate that the SOFIA Questionnaire’s psychometric properties are adequate for the Spanish context. The SOFIA Questionnaire is presented as a valid and reliable instrument to collect the families’ perception of the support they receive from the educational system. View Full-Text
Keywords: special educational needs; family; support; school; satisfaction; SEN; assessment special educational needs; family; support; school; satisfaction; SEN; assessment
MDPI and ACS Style

Sánchez-Pujalte, L.; Gómez-Domínguez, M.T.; Soto-Rubio, A.; Navarro-Mateu, D. Does the School Really Support My Child? SOFIA: An Assessment Tool for Families of Children with SEN in Spain. Sustainability 2020, 12, 7879. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12197879

AMA Style

Sánchez-Pujalte L, Gómez-Domínguez MT, Soto-Rubio A, Navarro-Mateu D. Does the School Really Support My Child? SOFIA: An Assessment Tool for Families of Children with SEN in Spain. Sustainability. 2020; 12(19):7879. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12197879

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sánchez-Pujalte, Laura, María Teresa Gómez-Domínguez, Ana Soto-Rubio, and Diego Navarro-Mateu. 2020. "Does the School Really Support My Child? SOFIA: An Assessment Tool for Families of Children with SEN in Spain" Sustainability 12, no. 19: 7879. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12197879

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