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Open AccessArticle

Land-Use Conflict in the Gran Chaco: Finding Common Ground through Use of the Q Method

1
Centre for Development and Environment, University of Bern, 3012 Bern, Switzerland
2
Institute of Geography, University of Bern, 3012 Bern, Switzerland
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(18), 7788; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12187788
Received: 1 July 2020 / Revised: 27 August 2020 / Accepted: 17 September 2020 / Published: 21 September 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Geography and Sustainability)
In a world characterized by ongoing overexploitation of finite resources—such as land and forests—stakeholder conflicts over use of remaining resources occur frequently and are likely to intensify. There is increasing awareness of the need to better understand individual stakeholders’ perspectives, which often condition behavior, in order to address conflicts and inform wider policymaking. We used the Q method to capture the perspectives of diverse stakeholders and highlight consensus and distinguishing statements. Our results bring to the fore three main perspectives on deforestation (development, family agriculture, and subsistence) and several points of agreement and disagreement. The strongest disagreement concerns the benefits and costs of deforestation: the development perspective portrays benefits as mutual and costs as marginal, whereas the family agriculture and subsistence perspectives associate no benefits and extreme costs with deforestation—including loss of livelihoods and culture. Nevertheless, stakeholder consensus emerges on other points—especially the need for participatory long-term strategies of land use. This paper shows how the Q method can be applied to better understand land-use conflicts. View Full-Text
Keywords: land-use conflict; Gran Chaco; Q method; perceptions; deforestation land-use conflict; Gran Chaco; Q method; perceptions; deforestation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zepharovich, E.; Ceddia, M.G.; Rist, S. Land-Use Conflict in the Gran Chaco: Finding Common Ground through Use of the Q Method. Sustainability 2020, 12, 7788. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12187788

AMA Style

Zepharovich E, Ceddia MG, Rist S. Land-Use Conflict in the Gran Chaco: Finding Common Ground through Use of the Q Method. Sustainability. 2020; 12(18):7788. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12187788

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zepharovich, Elena; Ceddia, Michele G.; Rist, Stephan. 2020. "Land-Use Conflict in the Gran Chaco: Finding Common Ground through Use of the Q Method" Sustainability 12, no. 18: 7788. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12187788

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