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Open AccessArticle

Study on Evolutionary Characteristics of Toppling Deformation of Anti-Dip Bank Slope Based on Energy Field

1
College of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Xinjiang University, Urumqi 830046, Xinjiang, China
2
Department of Geotechnical Engineering, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(18), 7544; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12187544
Received: 22 July 2020 / Revised: 6 September 2020 / Accepted: 7 September 2020 / Published: 13 September 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Geo-Hazards and Risk Reduction Approaches)
The evolution of toppling deformation of anti-dip slope is essentially a process of energy dissipation and transformation. Aiming to study the characteristics of energy evolution in different stages, the DEM (discrete element method) software PFC (Particle Flow Code) was utilized to establish a two-dimensional numerical model for a bank slope in Chongqing based on geological background data and field investigation. The DEM model was proven to be reliable not only because the deformation discrepancy between the numerical model and actual bank slope was not large but also because some obvious fractures in the actual bank slope can readily be found in the numerical model as well. In this article, content about displacement in the shallow layer was analyzed briefly. Special effort was made to analyze the energy field and divide the toppling deformation process into three stages. (1) Shear deformation stage: this is an energy accumulating stage in which the strain energy, friction energy, and kinetic energy are all small and the deformation is mainly shear deformation in the slope toe. (2) Stage of main toppling fracture surface hole-through: all three kinds of energy present the increasing trend. The shear deformation in the slope toe expands further, and the toppling deformation also appears in the middle and rear parts of the bank slope. (3) Stage of secondary toppling and fracture surface development: strain energy and friction energy increase steadily but kinetic energy remains constant. Deformation consists mainly of secondary shearing and a fracture surface in the shallow layer. Secondary toppling and fracture surface develop densely. View Full-Text
Keywords: anti-dip slope; energy field; toppling deformation; evolutionary characteristics; discrete element method anti-dip slope; energy field; toppling deformation; evolutionary characteristics; discrete element method
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MDPI and ACS Style

Xie, L.; Zhu, Q.; Qin, Y.; Wang, J.; Qian, J. Study on Evolutionary Characteristics of Toppling Deformation of Anti-Dip Bank Slope Based on Energy Field. Sustainability 2020, 12, 7544. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12187544

AMA Style

Xie L, Zhu Q, Qin Y, Wang J, Qian J. Study on Evolutionary Characteristics of Toppling Deformation of Anti-Dip Bank Slope Based on Energy Field. Sustainability. 2020; 12(18):7544. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12187544

Chicago/Turabian Style

Xie, Liangfu; Zhu, Qingyang; Qin, Yongjun; Wang, Jianhu; Qian, Jiangu. 2020. "Study on Evolutionary Characteristics of Toppling Deformation of Anti-Dip Bank Slope Based on Energy Field" Sustainability 12, no. 18: 7544. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12187544

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