Next Article in Journal
Using Traditional Methods for Collaborative Fieldwork in a Uranium Food Chain Study on Diné Lands in the US Southwest
Next Article in Special Issue
Environmental Concern and Urbanization in India: Towards Psychological Complexity
Previous Article in Journal
Investigation of Input and Output Energy for Wheat Production: A Comprehensive Study for Tehsil Mailsi (Pakistan)
Previous Article in Special Issue
Spatial Interaction Model for Healthcare Accessibility: What Scale Has to Do with It
Article

Regionally Divergent Patterns in Factors Affecting Municipal Waste Production: The Polish Perspective

Faculty of Economics and Sociology, University of Lodz, ul. POW 5/3, 90-214 Lodz, Poland
Sustainability 2020, 12(17), 6885; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12176885
Received: 25 July 2020 / Revised: 12 August 2020 / Accepted: 23 August 2020 / Published: 24 August 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Spatial Econometrics Analysis of Sustainability)
This article attempts to identify factors impacting on the quantity of municipal waste in Polish 2478 communes (LAU-2), taking into account the variability of particular determinants’ influence depending on their regional diversification. The analysis covers the years 2005–2018. The dependent variable is the volume of municipal waste in kg per capita, whereas the group of determinants include: economic and human development, uncontrolled dumping sites, population density, population at the working age, migration, tourism, urbanization, dwellings and housing, retail sales, entities, education, and investments in waste management. The geographically weighted regression with spatial error term (GWR–SEM) was employed in this study. The model enabled not only the specification of the waste production determinants, but also the analysis of the variability in the strength and direction of dependencies occurring between the examined variables in individual communes. The results proved that the higher the level of education, the less waste is generated (in north-central Poland); the business entities and working-age population are crucial for the waste quantity in communes of eastern Poland; the factors most important to regional range affecting the waste quantity are urban and business development, and most important to strength are higher education and the share of working-age individuals. View Full-Text
Keywords: municipal waste; Poland; geographically weighted regression with spatial error term; spatial processes; communes; sustainable development municipal waste; Poland; geographically weighted regression with spatial error term; spatial processes; communes; sustainable development
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Antczak, E. Regionally Divergent Patterns in Factors Affecting Municipal Waste Production: The Polish Perspective. Sustainability 2020, 12, 6885. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12176885

AMA Style

Antczak E. Regionally Divergent Patterns in Factors Affecting Municipal Waste Production: The Polish Perspective. Sustainability. 2020; 12(17):6885. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12176885

Chicago/Turabian Style

Antczak, Elżbieta. 2020. "Regionally Divergent Patterns in Factors Affecting Municipal Waste Production: The Polish Perspective" Sustainability 12, no. 17: 6885. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12176885

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop