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Paris Climate Agreement: Promoting Interdisciplinary Science and Stakeholders’ Approaches for Multi-Scale Implementation of Continental Carbon Sequestration

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Unité Mixte de Recherche (UMR) Eco&Sols, Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (IRD), Centre de coopération Internationale en Recherche Agronomique pour le Développement (CIRAD), Institut National de Recherche pour l’Agriculture, l’Alimentation et l’Environnement (INRAE), Institut Agro, University of Montpellier, 34967 Montpellier, France
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UMR Espace-DEV, Observation spatiale, modèles et science impliquée, IRD, University Montpellier, University Avignon, University Antilles, University Guyane, University Réunion, 34967 Montpellier, France
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Laboratoire Mixte International (LMI) Intensification Ecologique des Sols cultivés en Afrique de l’Ouest (IESOL), Centre ISRA IRD Bel Air, Dakar BP 3120, Senegal
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Institut d’Ecologie et des sciences de l’Environnement de Paris (iEES), Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), IRD, University of Sorbonne, 75006 Bondy, Thiverval-Grignon, France
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UMR Laboratoire d’Etude des Interactions entre Sol-Agrosystèmes-Hydrosystèmes (LISAH), INRAE, IRD, SupAgro, University of Montpellier, 34967 Montpellier, France
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Indo-French Cell for Water Sciences, Institut de Recherche pour le Développement, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560012, India
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UMR Diversité, Adaptation, Développement des plantes (DIADE), IRD, University Montpellier, 34967 Montpellier, France
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UMR Géosciences Environnement Toulouse (GET), IRD, Conseil National des Astronomes et Physiciens (CNAP), Centre National d’Etudes Spatiales (CNES), CNRS, University of Toulouse III, 31330 Toulouse, France
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UMR Botanique et Modélisation de l’Architecture des Plantes et des Végétations (AMAP), IRD, CIRAD, INRAE, Institut Agro, University of Montpellier, 34967 Montpellier, France
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UMR Gouvernance, Risque, Environnement, Développement (GRED), University of Paul Valéry, IRD, 34967 Montpellier, France
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Department of Geoscience, Environment & Society, Université Libre de Bruxelles, 1050 Bruxelles, Belgium
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Institut du Développement Durable et des Relations Internationales (IDDRI), 75000 Paris, France
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UMR Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l’Environnement (LSCE), Commissariat à l’Energie Atomique (CEA), CNRS, University of Paris-Saclay, 91190 Saclay, France
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UMR Systèmes d’Elevage Méditerranéens et Tropicaux (SELMET), CIRAD, INRAE, Institut Agro, University of Montpellier, 34967 Montpellier, France
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UMR d’Agroécologie et Intensification Durable des Cultures Annuelles (AIDA), CIRAD, University of Montpellier, 34967 Montpellier, France
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Institut de Biosciences et Biotechnologies d’Aix-Marseille (BIAM), CEA, CNRS, University of Aix-Marseille, Saint-Paul-lez-Durance, 13007 Marseille, France
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UMR HydroSciences Montpellier (HSM), IRD, CNRS, University of Montpellier, 34967 Montpellier, France
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AgroParisTech, 75000 Paris, France
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(17), 6715; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12176715
Received: 16 June 2020 / Revised: 10 August 2020 / Accepted: 11 August 2020 / Published: 19 August 2020
The Paris Climate Agreements and Sustainable Development Goals, signed by 197 countries, present agendas and address key issues for implementing multi-scale responses for sustainable development under climate change—an effort that must involve local, regional, national, and supra-national stakeholders. In that regard, Continental Carbon Sequestration (CoCS) and conservation of carbon sinks are recognized increasingly as having potentially important roles in mitigating climate change and adapting to it. Making that potential a reality will require indicators of success for various stakeholders from multidisciplinary backgrounds, plus promotion of long-term implementation of strategic action towards civil society (e.g., law and policy makers, economists, and farmers). To help meet those challenges, this discussion paper summarizes the state of the art and uncertainties regarding CoCS, taking an interdisciplinary, holistic approach toward understanding these complex issues. The first part of the paper discusses the carbon cycle’s bio-geophysical processes, while the second introduces the plurality of geographical scales to be addressed when dealing with landscape management for CoCS. The third part addresses systemic viability, vulnerability, and resilience in CoCS practices, before concluding with the need to develop inter-disciplinarity in sustainable science, participative research, and the societal implications of sustainable CoCS actions. View Full-Text
Keywords: climate change and sustainable development; continental carbon sequestration; multi-scalar management; carbon modelling; participative research climate change and sustainable development; continental carbon sequestration; multi-scalar management; carbon modelling; participative research
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Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Chevallier, T.; Loireau, M.; Courault, R.; Chapuis-Lardy, L.; Desjardins, T.; Gomez, C.; Grondin, A.; Guérin, F.; Orange, D.; Pélissier, R.; Serpantié, G.; Durand, M.-H.; Derioz, P.; Laruelle, G.G.; Schwoob, M.-H.; Viovy, N.; Barrière, O.; Blanchart, E.; Blanfort, V.; Brossard, M.; Demenois, J.; Fargette, M.; Heulin, T.; Mahe, G.; Manlay, R.; Podwojewski, P.; Rumpel, C.; Sultan, B.; Chotte, J.-L. Paris Climate Agreement: Promoting Interdisciplinary Science and Stakeholders’ Approaches for Multi-Scale Implementation of Continental Carbon Sequestration. Sustainability 2020, 12, 6715. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12176715

AMA Style

Chevallier T, Loireau M, Courault R, Chapuis-Lardy L, Desjardins T, Gomez C, Grondin A, Guérin F, Orange D, Pélissier R, Serpantié G, Durand M-H, Derioz P, Laruelle GG, Schwoob M-H, Viovy N, Barrière O, Blanchart E, Blanfort V, Brossard M, Demenois J, Fargette M, Heulin T, Mahe G, Manlay R, Podwojewski P, Rumpel C, Sultan B, Chotte J-L. Paris Climate Agreement: Promoting Interdisciplinary Science and Stakeholders’ Approaches for Multi-Scale Implementation of Continental Carbon Sequestration. Sustainability. 2020; 12(17):6715. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12176715

Chicago/Turabian Style

Chevallier, Tiphaine; Loireau, Maud; Courault, Romain; Chapuis-Lardy, Lydie; Desjardins, Thierry; Gomez, Cécile; Grondin, Alexandre; Guérin, Frédéric; Orange, Didier; Pélissier, Raphaël; Serpantié, Georges; Durand, Marie-Hélène; Derioz, Pierre; Laruelle, Goulven G.; Schwoob, Marie-Hélène; Viovy, Nicolas; Barrière, Olivier; Blanchart, Eric; Blanfort, Vincent; Brossard, Michel; Demenois, Julien; Fargette, Mireille; Heulin, Thierry; Mahe, Gil; Manlay, Raphaël; Podwojewski, Pascal; Rumpel, Cornélia; Sultan, Benjamin; Chotte, Jean-Luc. 2020. "Paris Climate Agreement: Promoting Interdisciplinary Science and Stakeholders’ Approaches for Multi-Scale Implementation of Continental Carbon Sequestration" Sustainability 12, no. 17: 6715. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12176715

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