2. The RESCCUE Project
2.1. RESCCUE Goals
- Compilation, generation, and analysis of different local climate simulations to set up future climate-related scenarios in a coherent way and suitable for users’ needs.
- Improve the understanding of the effects of selected climatic drivers on the urban water cycle in each research site, and identify vulnerabilities of each urban service that will lead to increased social security.
- Assess the direct impacts of these drivers on all the urban services and the cascade collateral impacts on the ones connected to them for the current situation and future climate change scenarios. The impacts will be assessed in terms of hazard and risk for each analyzed urban service, for the whole set of selected scenarios at each research site.
- Develop a methodology to assess urban resilience with respect to different climatic pressures, based on the interaction among different urban services. In addition, the improvements related to the operational performance of urban systems will be evaluated, as the urban resilience framework generated will be designed to be adapted to the operational platforms currently in use by urban operators.
- Explore and assess the economic and societal impacts of multiple feasible mitigation and adaptation measures and technologies to reduce climate change effects on the urban services and their collateral impacts. Based on the impacts evaluated on key urban services and on the needs of end users enrolled in the RESCCUE project, an inventory of the most appropriate mitigation and adaptation options with a special focus on nature-based solutions will be established. The result will constitute a portfolio of validated and prioritized improving resilience strategies, based on multi-criteria analysis, integrating technological and non-technological alternatives, to better cope with challenges raised by climate change.
- Elaborate a RAP for each of the case study cities, considering the inputs of all local partners and stakeholders of each site, and led by the three involved local resilience offices. The civil protection and emergency sectorial plans will be analyzed to improve coordination during shocks and stresses, as these plans can benefit from RAPs inputs and vice versa.
- Build a shared awareness and perception of challenges and opportunities, to guide actions and future collaborative approaches, by engaging leading universities and research centers, local governments, large companies, SMEs, non-governmental organizations and citizens from the three research sites.
2.2. RESCCUE Methodology
- Detailed approach: advanced models and tools to describe specific cascading effects produced by extreme climate events on several urban services are developed. Then, the analysis of certain impact events could be achieved via the use of loosely coupled models and tools (integrated models), using the outputs of one as inputs of the other, being able to simulate cascading effects in a detailed but simple way. In this case, adaptation strategies and measures will be proposed and prioritized based on hazard and risk reduction but, also, through multi-criteria analysis, providing an overview of other kinds of co-benefits
- Holistic approach: using a methodology for holistic resilience assessment, the relations and the cascading effects among the different urban services can be analyzed. In this case, adaptation measures and strategies will be focused on the recovery of the normal functioning of the city and, specifically, of its strategic urban services and infrastructures. This concept will be expressed by the concept of recovery time and the efficiency of the measures and strategies, in terms of decrease of recovery.
3. Special Issue
4. RESCCUE Toolkit
5. Final Remarks from the RESCCUE Coordinator: Marc Velasco
Conflicts of Interest
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|Title of the Paper||Flood Risk||Adaptation Strategies||Urban Resilience Assessments||Urban Services||Impact Assessment|
|Assessment of Urban Flood Resilience in Barcelona for Current and Future Scenarios. The RESCCUE Project||X||X||X|
|Flood Risk Assessment in an Underground Railway System under the Impact of Climate Change—A Case Study of the Barcelona Metro||X||X||X|
|Methodology to Prioritize Climate Adaptation Measures in Urban Areas. Barcelona and Bristol Case Studies||X||X|
|Socio-Economic Assessment of Green Infrastructure for Climate Change Adaptation in the Context of Urban Drainage Planning||X||X|
|Interlinking Bristol Based Models to Build Resilience to Climate Change||X||X||X|
|Flood Depth‒Damage Curves for Spanish Urban Areas||X||X|
|The Contribution of NBS to Urban Resilience in Stormwater Management and Control: A Framework with Stakeholder Validation||X||X|
|RAF Resilience Assessment Framework—A Tool to Support Cities’ Action Planning||X|
|Investigating the Effects of Pluvial Flooding and Climate Change on Traffic Flows in Barcelona and Bristol||X||X||X|
|Urban Resilience to Flooding: Triangulation of Methods for Hazard Identification in Urban Areas||X||X|
|Climate Change Implications for Water Availability: A Case Study of Barcelona City||X||X|
|Electrical Grid Risk Assessment Against Flooding in Barcelona and Bristol Cities||X||X|
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