Next Article in Journal
Building the Future on Lessons of Historic Reinforced Concrete
Next Article in Special Issue
Potential Impact of Meat Replacers on Nutrient Quality and Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Diets in Four European Countries
Previous Article in Journal
Urban Resilience Assessment: Mapping Knowledge Structure and Trends
Previous Article in Special Issue
Increasing the Proportion of Plant-Based Foods Available to Shift Social Consumption Norms and Food Choice among Non-Vegetarians
Open AccessReview

Demand-Side Food Policies for Public and Planetary Health

1
National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM), P.O. Box 1, 3720 BA Bilthoven, The Netherlands
2
Public Health Consultant, 2100 Copenhagen, Denmark
3
Division of Food Production and Society, Norwegian Institute of Bioeconomy Research (NIBIO), 115 NO-1431 Ås Bergen, Norway
4
Wolfson Institute of Preventive Medicine, Barts and the London School of Medicine and Dentistry, Queen Mary University of London, London EC1M 6BQ, UK
5
Department of Food Agriculture and Environment (DAFE), University of Pisa, 56124 Pisa, Italy
6
Research Center for the Management of Environmental and Agricultural Risks (CEIGRAM), ETSIAAB, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Madrid 28040, Spain
7
European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC), 21027 Ispra (VA), Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(15), 5924; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12155924
Received: 28 April 2020 / Revised: 14 July 2020 / Accepted: 17 July 2020 / Published: 23 July 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Environmentally Sustainable Diets)
Background: The current food system has major consequences for the environment and for human health. Alignment of the food policy areas of mitigating climate change and public health will ensure coherent and effective policy interventions for sustaining human health and the environment. This paper explores literature on demand-side policies that aim to reduce consumption of animal-based foods, increase plant-based foods, and reduce overconsumption. Methods: We searched for publications, published between January 2000 and December 2019, considering the above policy domains. Articles were distinguished for type of policy instrument, for topic via keywords and examples were given. Results: The majority of demand-side policies focus on preventing overweight and obesity, using all types of policy instruments including more forceful market-based policies. Hardly any examples of public policies explicitly aiming to lower animal-based foods consumption were found. Policies combining health and sustainability objectives are few and mainly of the information type. Discussion: Moving towards environmentally sustainable and healthy diets is challenging as the implemented demand-side policies focus largely on human health, and not yet on environmental outcomes, or on win-wins. Policies targeting foods from the health perspective can contribute to lower environmental impacts, by indicating suitable animal-based food replacers, and aiming at avoiding overconsumption of energy dense-nutrient poor foods. Preferred policies include a variety of instruments, including strong measures. Conclusions: Working solutions are available to ensure coherent and effective demand side food policies aligning public health and environmental aims. Implementation of aligned and effective policy packages is urgent and needed. View Full-Text
Keywords: sustainable; healthy; diet; food systems; policy instrument; review sustainable; healthy; diet; food systems; policy instrument; review
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Temme, E.H.; Vellinga, R.E.; de Ruiter, H.; Kugelberg, S.; van de Kamp, M.; Milford, A.; Alessandrini, R.; Bartolini, F.; Sanz-Cobena, A.; Leip, A. Demand-Side Food Policies for Public and Planetary Health. Sustainability 2020, 12, 5924.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop