1.1. Impact of COVID-19 on Businesses
1.2. How Businesses Are Transforming the Modern Supply Chain
1.2.1. Risk Management
Vertical Integration of Supply Chains
Decentralization of Manufacturing Capacity
Emphasis on Supply Chain Visibility
Localizing Supply Chains
Merging of B2B (Business-to-Business) and B2C (Business-to-Consumer)/Flexibility in Supply Chains
Managing Supply Shortfalls
1.2.2. Other Measures
1.3. Medical Supply Chain
1.4. Water–Energy–Food (WEF) Supply Chain
1.5. Predictions and Preparations for the Second Wave of COVID-19
1.5.1. Predictions for the Second Wave of COVID-19
1.5.2. Preparation for the Second Wave of COVID-19
Move towards a Fully Digital Supply Chain
1.6. Focus of Our Study and Composition of the Paper
2. Issue Analysis
2.1. Identified Issues
North American Medical Shortage
2.2. Supply Chain-Related Causes
2.2.1. Lack of Supply Chain Transparency Resulting in Hindered Decision Making
2.2.2. Reduced Diversification Resulting in Lack of Supply Chain Resilience
2.2.3. Unsustainable Just-In-Time Manufacturing
3.1. Nationalization of Medical Supply Chain
3.2. Adoption of “Plus One” Diversification Approach
3.3. Increasing Safety Stock
Conflicts of Interest
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