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Sustainability of Forest-Based Bioenergy—A Case Study of Students Surveyed at a University in Finland

School of Energy Systems, Lappeenranta-Lahti University of Technology LUT, Yliopistonkatu 34, 53850 Lappeenranta, Finland
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Sustainability 2020, 12(14), 5667; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12145667
Received: 30 April 2020 / Revised: 6 July 2020 / Accepted: 13 July 2020 / Published: 15 July 2020
With the increasing use of forest biomass, concerns about negative impacts have been raised in the debate. The aim of this study was to find out the attitude of university students towards the energy use of forest-based biomass and how different areas of sustainable forest operations were addressed. The survey was conducted over two years (2018–2019) with both full-time students at university and distance learning students who study alongside their work. Background information such as gender, nationality and field of study was collected from students. Most of the students currently considered the energy use of forest biomass to be sustainable. Many replies stressed that the situation could change if the use of forests is increased from the present circumstances. The main factors mentioned that led to forest-based bioenergy being sustainable were positive felling balance, compliance with forest certification, use of waste fractions and implementation of the Renewable Energy Directive (RED II) directive, while the loss of biodiversity, over-exploitation of forests, C debt and the cascading principle were factors that led to forest-based bioenergy being unsustainable. Student background variables had no effect on responses except for the field of study. View Full-Text
Keywords: sustainability; forestry; forest residues; climate change; education sustainability; forestry; forest residues; climate change; education
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ranta, T.; Karhunen, A.; Laihanen, M. Sustainability of Forest-Based Bioenergy—A Case Study of Students Surveyed at a University in Finland. Sustainability 2020, 12, 5667. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12145667

AMA Style

Ranta T, Karhunen A, Laihanen M. Sustainability of Forest-Based Bioenergy—A Case Study of Students Surveyed at a University in Finland. Sustainability. 2020; 12(14):5667. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12145667

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ranta, Tapio; Karhunen, Antti; Laihanen, Mika. 2020. "Sustainability of Forest-Based Bioenergy—A Case Study of Students Surveyed at a University in Finland" Sustainability 12, no. 14: 5667. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12145667

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