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Geo-Disaster Governance under the IAD Framework: The Case Study of Chongqing’s Three Gorges Reservoir Region, China

1
Department of Sociology, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
2
School of Public Administration, University of International Business and Economics, Beijing 100029, China
3
Chongqing Geo-disaster Prevention and Control Center, Chongqing 400015, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(14), 5517; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12145517
Received: 30 May 2020 / Revised: 1 July 2020 / Accepted: 6 July 2020 / Published: 8 July 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Hazards and Sustainability)
Disaster governance draws attention from academics and policymakers, especially in developing countries. This paper shows how daily geo-disaster governance at local level operates in China and then reveals the causes of its pattern. To achieve the goals, we apply the Institutional Analysis and Development (IAD) Framework as the lens into the case of Chongqing’s Three Gorges Reservoir Region. We find that China’s daily geo-disaster governance, as a whole, is a top–down system where public sectors play an active role. It emphasizes technology, engineering, and profession, and features the matrix of fragmentation. The governance varies as the situations change and leaves disconnection among situations. The exogenous environment, several rules in action situations, and evaluative criteria shape the governance pattern altogether. Finally, we suggest that the government should change from disaster orientation to people orientation, from discontinuity to continuity, and from singularity to diversity. View Full-Text
Keywords: disaster governance; Institutional Analysis and Development Framework (IAD Framework); geological disaster; the Three Gorges Reservoir Region; China; Chongqing disaster governance; Institutional Analysis and Development Framework (IAD Framework); geological disaster; the Three Gorges Reservoir Region; China; Chongqing
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ran, A.; Fan, J.; Zhou, L.; Zhang, C. Geo-Disaster Governance under the IAD Framework: The Case Study of Chongqing’s Three Gorges Reservoir Region, China. Sustainability 2020, 12, 5517. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12145517

AMA Style

Ran A, Fan J, Zhou L, Zhang C. Geo-Disaster Governance under the IAD Framework: The Case Study of Chongqing’s Three Gorges Reservoir Region, China. Sustainability. 2020; 12(14):5517. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12145517

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ran, Aobo; Fan, Jingbo; Zhou, Li; Zhang, Chenggang. 2020. "Geo-Disaster Governance under the IAD Framework: The Case Study of Chongqing’s Three Gorges Reservoir Region, China" Sustainability 12, no. 14: 5517. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12145517

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