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Effect of Work Environment on Presenteeism among Aging American Workers: The Moderated Mediating Effect of Cynical Hostility

by 1,2, 1,2, 1,2, 1,2,3 and 1,2,*
1
School of Management and Economics, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081, China
2
Sustainable Development Research Institute for Economy and Society of Beijing, Beijing 100081, China
3
Center for Energy and Environmental Policy Research, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(13), 5314; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12135314
Received: 31 May 2020 / Revised: 24 June 2020 / Accepted: 29 June 2020 / Published: 1 July 2020
Cynical hostility in the workplace has been studied. However, there is still no complete study examining how cynical hostility affects work performance. We examined how work environment impacts presenteeism through the mediation of cynical hostility and how chronic work discrimination moderates the relationship between work environment and cynical hostility among ageing workforces. The psychosocial vulnerability model supplies theoretical support for our model. We analyzed data from a sample of 2926 aging workforces from the Health and Retirement Study. Structural equation modeling (SEM) was used to examine the relationships with a moderated mediation model. In the final SEM model, our results showed that work environment was directly negatively associated with presenteeism. Moreover, cynical hostility was significantly inversely correlated with work environment and positively correlated with presenteeism. We found that the significant indirect effect between work environment and presenteeism can be significantly mediated by cynical hostility. In addition, cynical hostility is more likely to be affected by work environment among ageing workforces with lower levels of chronic work discrimination than those with higher levels. Enterprise, government, and employees themselves should be aware of the impact of presenteeism on ageing workforces with high levels of cynical hostility. View Full-Text
Keywords: cynical hostility; chronic work discrimination; work environment; presenteeism cynical hostility; chronic work discrimination; work environment; presenteeism
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MDPI and ACS Style

Deng, J.; Wu, Z.; Yang, T.; Cao, Y.; Chen, Z. Effect of Work Environment on Presenteeism among Aging American Workers: The Moderated Mediating Effect of Cynical Hostility. Sustainability 2020, 12, 5314. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12135314

AMA Style

Deng J, Wu Z, Yang T, Cao Y, Chen Z. Effect of Work Environment on Presenteeism among Aging American Workers: The Moderated Mediating Effect of Cynical Hostility. Sustainability. 2020; 12(13):5314. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12135314

Chicago/Turabian Style

Deng, Jianwei; Wu, Zhennan; Yang, Tianan; Cao, Yunfei; Chen, Zhenjiao. 2020. "Effect of Work Environment on Presenteeism among Aging American Workers: The Moderated Mediating Effect of Cynical Hostility" Sustainability 12, no. 13: 5314. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12135314

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