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Vulnerabilities to COVID-19 in Bangladesh and a Reconsideration of Sustainable Development Goals

1
Department of International Studies, Graduate School of Frontier Sciences, The University of Tokyo, Chiba 2778563, Japan
2
JADE Bangladesh, Dhaka 1212, Bangladesh
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(13), 5296; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12135296
Received: 5 June 2020 / Revised: 19 June 2020 / Accepted: 26 June 2020 / Published: 30 June 2020
Bangladesh is one of the high-risk countries of the COVID-19 pandemic and its consequent losses due to social and economic conditions. There is a significant possibility that economic stagnation would push a large population back into poverty. In the present study, we have reviewed the chronology and epidemiology of COVID-19 in Bangladesh and investigated the country’s vulnerabilities concerning COVID-19 impacts. We focused primarily on four areas of vulnerabilities in Bangladesh: The garment industry, urban slums, social exclusion, and pre-existing health conditions. The result implicated that the country would take time to recover its economy due to the vulnerabilities mentioned above, and many people in Bangladesh would not be able to tolerate the current situation because they do not have enough reserves to do so. We concluded that if at least some Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) had been at least partly attained, the situation would not be as dire as it is now. Based on this conclusion, we suggested a tolerance capacity to indicate how long people can survive without outside support. It is a holistic assessment rather than the indicators presently defined in each SDG, but it should be attained through a harmonized approach to SDGs. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19; SDGs; garment industry; urban slam; social exclusion; Rohingya; Dalits; NCDs; salinity; arsenic; Bangladesh COVID-19; SDGs; garment industry; urban slam; social exclusion; Rohingya; Dalits; NCDs; salinity; arsenic; Bangladesh
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Sakamoto, M.; Begum, S.; Ahmed, T. Vulnerabilities to COVID-19 in Bangladesh and a Reconsideration of Sustainable Development Goals. Sustainability 2020, 12, 5296.

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