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Article

Shifting from Fragmentation to Integration: A Proposed Framework for Strengthening Agricultural Knowledge and Innovation System in Egypt

1
Department of Agricultural Extension and Rural Society, Mansoura University, Mansoura 35516, Egypt
2
Department of Agricultural Extension and Rural Society, King Saud University, Riyadh 11451, Saudi Arabia
3
Institute of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development, Agricultural Research Center (ARC), Cairo 12619, Egypt
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(12), 5131; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12125131
Received: 21 May 2020 / Revised: 19 June 2020 / Accepted: 22 June 2020 / Published: 23 June 2020
(This article belongs to the Collection Sustainable Development of Rural Areas and Agriculture)
Agricultural knowledge and innovation system (AKIS) has a strong potential to enhance economic performance of farming and contribute to agricultural sustainability, as it may increase synergies and complementarity among actors. This paper is aimed to develop a proposed framework to strengthen AKIS in the study area based on the results of this study. This paper explores perception and views about strengthening AKIS in Dakhalia governorate of Egypt by applying a multi-actor approach. Quantitative and qualitative data were collected through face-to-face interviews and focus group discussion. This paper focuses on three structural dimensions, namely actors, interactions, and technologies, to describe the nature of innovation processes within AKIS. Results indicate that legal and regulatory frameworks, lack of infrastructure, and weak the role of intermediary organizations are the main barriers that AKIS faces. Linkages of contracting and public–private partnerships were viewed as main interactions required to strengthen AKIS. The analysis also explores the availability of innovation requirements at each actor, as well as the distributive technologies, that should be encouraged to build the capacity the agricultural sector. A proposed framework is developed based on the results of this study and the characteristics of the AKIS in the study area. This framework could be used for stimulating innovation and enhancing coordination between actors. View Full-Text
Keywords: agricultural knowledge; innovation system; interaction linkages; framework; sustainable agriculture; Egypt agricultural knowledge; innovation system; interaction linkages; framework; sustainable agriculture; Egypt
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zahran, Y.; Kassem, H.S.; Naba, S.M.; Alotaibi, B.A. Shifting from Fragmentation to Integration: A Proposed Framework for Strengthening Agricultural Knowledge and Innovation System in Egypt. Sustainability 2020, 12, 5131. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12125131

AMA Style

Zahran Y, Kassem HS, Naba SM, Alotaibi BA. Shifting from Fragmentation to Integration: A Proposed Framework for Strengthening Agricultural Knowledge and Innovation System in Egypt. Sustainability. 2020; 12(12):5131. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12125131

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zahran, Yehia, Hazem S. Kassem, Shimaa M. Naba, and Bader Alhafi Alotaibi. 2020. "Shifting from Fragmentation to Integration: A Proposed Framework for Strengthening Agricultural Knowledge and Innovation System in Egypt" Sustainability 12, no. 12: 5131. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12125131

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