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A Critical Review of Sustainable Energy Policies for the Promotion of Renewable Energy Sources

1
Department of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Anhui University of Technology, Ma’anshan 243002, China
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Department of Electrical Engineering, Mirpur University of Science and Technology, Mirpur (A.K.) 10250, Pakistan
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Faculty of Engineering in Electricity and Computing, Escuela Superior Politécnica del Litoral, Guayaquil 09-01-5863, Ecuador
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Mechanical Engineering Department, Aston University, Birmingham B4 7ET, UK
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(12), 5078; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12125078
Received: 3 May 2020 / Revised: 31 May 2020 / Accepted: 10 June 2020 / Published: 22 June 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Conversion of Renewable Energy Sources)
Meeting the rising energy demand and limiting its environmental impact are the two intertwined issues faced in the 21st century. Governments in different countries have been engaged in developing regulations and related policies to encourage environment friendly renewable energy generation along with conservation strategies and technological innovations. It is important to develop sustainable energy policies and provide relevant and suitable policy recommendations for end-users. This study presents a review on sustainable energy policy for promotion of renewable energy by introducing the development history of energy policy in five countries, i.e., the United States, Germany, the United Kingdom, Denmark and China. A survey of the articles aimed at promoting the development of sustainable energy policies and their modelling is carried out. It is observed that energy-efficiency standard is one of the most popular strategy for building energy saving, which is dynamic and renewed based on the current available technologies. Feed-in-tariff has been widely applied to encourage the application of renewable energy, which is demonstrated successfully in different countries. Building energy performance certification schemes should be enhanced in terms of reliable database system and information transparency to pave the way for future net-zero energy building and smart cities. View Full-Text
Keywords: building energy performance certification schemes; feed-in-tariff; net-zero energy building; renewable energy; sustainable energy policy building energy performance certification schemes; feed-in-tariff; net-zero energy building; renewable energy; sustainable energy policy
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MDPI and ACS Style

Lu, Y.; Khan, Z.A.; Alvarez-Alvarado, M.S.; Zhang, Y.; Huang, Z.; Imran, M. A Critical Review of Sustainable Energy Policies for the Promotion of Renewable Energy Sources. Sustainability 2020, 12, 5078. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12125078

AMA Style

Lu Y, Khan ZA, Alvarez-Alvarado MS, Zhang Y, Huang Z, Imran M. A Critical Review of Sustainable Energy Policies for the Promotion of Renewable Energy Sources. Sustainability. 2020; 12(12):5078. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12125078

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lu, Yuehong, Zafar A. Khan, Manuel S. Alvarez-Alvarado, Yang Zhang, Zhijia Huang, and Muhammad Imran. 2020. "A Critical Review of Sustainable Energy Policies for the Promotion of Renewable Energy Sources" Sustainability 12, no. 12: 5078. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12125078

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